Veritas NetBackup™ for VMware Administrator's Guide
- Required tasks: overview
- Notes and prerequisites
- Configure NetBackup communication with VMware
- Adding NetBackup credentials for VMware
- Validating VMware virtualization server certificates in NetBackup
- Configure NetBackup policies for VMware
- VMware backup options
- Exclude Disks tab
- Configure a VMware Intelligent Policy
- Reduce the size of backups
- Back up virtual machines
- Use Accelerator to back up virtual machines
- Restore virtual machines
- Restoring the full VMware virtual machine
- Virtual Machine Recovery dialog boxes (restore to original location)
- Virtual Machine Recovery dialogs boxes (restore to alternate location)
- Restoring VMware virtual machine disks by using Backup, Archive, and Restore
- Restoring VMware virtual machine disks by using NetBackup commands
- Restoring individual VMware virtual machine files
- Browse and search virtual machines for restore
- Restore virtual machines with Instant Recovery
- Use NetBackup for vCloud Director
- Virtual machine recovery dialog boxes for vCloud Director
- Best practices and more information
- Appendix A. NetBackup commands to back up and restore virtual machines
- Using NetBackup commands to create a VMware policy
- Appendix B. Configuring services for NFS on Windows
- About configuring services for NFS on Windows 2012 or 2016 (NetBackup for VMware)
- About configuring services for NFS on Windows 2008 and 2008 R2 (NetBackup for VMware)
- Appendix C. The Reuse VM selection query results option
- Appendix D. Backup of VMware raw devices (RDM)
Snapshot error encountered (status code 156)
This topic applies to troubleshooting NetBackup for VMware.
The following table describes the VMware issues that relate to NetBackup status code 156.
Table: Possible causes of status code 156
Causes of status code 156
Description and recommended action
NetBackup cannot obtain the volume ID of a drive
The drive may be down.
A backup of the virtual machine is already active
You cannot run more than one backup per virtual machine at a time. If you start a second backup of the virtual machine while the first backup is active, the second job fails with a status 156.
Recommended action: Wait until the first job completes, then run the second one.
Cannot find virtual machine name
NetBackup cannot find the host name or VM display name of a virtual machine that is listed in the backup policy. The detailed status log may include the following error message:
Critical bpbrm (pid=<pid number>) from client <client name>: FTL - snapshot creation failed, status 156.)
If the virtual machines do not have static IP addresses, you can configure NetBackup to identify virtual machines by their VM display names or UUIDs. Examples of the environments that do not use static IP addresses are clusters, and the networks that assign IP addresses dynamically.
Note that NetBackup may have been configured to identify virtual machines by their VM display names. In that case, make sure that the display names are unique and that they do not contain special characters.
The virtual machine is powered off
Through a vCenter server, NetBackup can back up the virtual machines that are turned off. You must provide credentials for NetBackup to access the vCenter server.
If NetBackup uses credentials for an ESX server instead of vCenter, it may not be able to identify a turned off virtual machine. Note the following:
The virtual machine has one or more independent disks and is in a suspended state
If a virtual machine with independent disks is in a suspended state, snapshot jobs fail. Messages similar to the following appear in the job details log:
01/12/2015 17:11:37 - Critical bpbrm (pid=10144) from client <client name>: FTL - VMware error received: Cannot take a memory snapshot, since the virtual machine is configured with independent disks.
This issue results from a VMware limitation (SR#15583458301). More information is available in the following VMware article:
As a workaround, change the state of the virtual machine to powered on or powered off, and rerun the backup.
Data on independent disks cannot be captured with a snapshot. The rest of the virtual machine data is backed up.
The virtual machine's disk is in raw mode (RDM)
The attempt to create a snapshot exceeded the VMware timeout
If the attempt to create a snapshot of the virtual machine exceeds the VMware timeout of 10 seconds, the snapshot fails with NetBackup status 156. This timeout may occur if the virtual machine is configured with a large number of volumes. Note that the timeout may be encountered even if theoption was disabled.
Do one of the following:
The virtual machine has no vmdk file assigned
Virtual machines without vmdk files can occur in a vCenter Site Recovery Manager (SRM) environment. If a replicated virtual machine has never been active, it is in passive mode and may have no vmdk file(s).
You can enable the VMware Advanced Attributes tab of the policy. If this option is enabled: NetBackup does not back up a replicated (passive) virtual machine in an SRM environment if that virtual machine has no vmdk files.option on the
More information is available on theoption.
The vmdk file has too many delta files
Whenever a VMware snapshot occurs, a delta.vmdk file is created for each vmdk. If 32 or more such delta files exist for a single vmdk file, a NetBackup backup of that VM may fail (status 156). The NetBackup Activity Monitor job details contain messages similar to the following:
02/06/2015 10:33:17 - Critical bpbrm (pid=15799) from client fl5vm1_2012: FTL - vSphere_freeze: Unable to proceed with snapshot creation, too many existing delta files(44). 02/06/2015 10:33:17 - Critical bpbrm (pid=15799) from client fl5vm1_2012: FTL - VMware_freeze: VIXAPI freeze (VMware snapshot) failed with 25: SYM_VMC_FAILED_TO_CREATE_SNAPSHOT 02/06/2015 10:33:17 - Critical bpbrm (pid=15799) from client fl5vm1_2012: FTL - vfm_freeze: method: VMware_v2, type: FIM, function: VMware_v2_freeze
To back up the VM, do the following:
VMware snapshot quiesce operation failed
If the NetBackup policy is enabled for virtual machine quiesce (the default), the VMware snapshot operation in vSphere initiates a quiesce of the virtual machine. If snapshot quiesce fails, the NetBackup job fails with status 156.