NetBackup and Veritas Appliances Hardening Guide
- Top recommendations to improve your NetBackup and Veritas appliances security posture
- Steps to protect Flex Appliance
- Managing single sign-on (SSO)
- About lockdown mode
- Configuring an isolated recovery environment on a WORM storage server
- Steps to protect NetBackup Appliance
- About single sign-on (SSO) authentication and authorization
- About authentication using smart cards and digital certificates
- About data encryption
- About forwarding logs to an external server
- Steps to protect NetBackup
- Configure NetBackup for single sign-on (SSO)
- Configure user authentication with smart cards or digital certificates
- Access codes
- Workflow to configure immutable and indelible data
- Add a configuration for an external CMS server
- Configuring an isolated recovery environment on a NetBackup BYO media server
- About FIPS support in NetBackup
- Workflow for external KMS configuration
- Workflow to configure data-in-transit encryption
- Configure the DTE mode on a client
- How DTE configuration settings work in various NetBackup operations
- Modify the DTE mode on a backup image
- Workflow to use external certificates for NetBackup host communication
- About certificate revocation lists for external CA
- Configuring an external certificate for a clustered primary server
- Configuration options for external CA-signed certificates for a virtual name
- Configuring a NetBackup host (media server, client, or cluster node) to use an external CA-signed certificate after installation
- Configuration options for external CA-signed certificates
- ECA_CERT_PATH for NetBackup servers and clients
- About protecting the MSDP catalog
- How to set up malware scanning
- About backup anomaly detection
Configuring an isolated recovery environment on a WORM storage server
You can configure an isolated recovery environment (IRE) on a WORM storage server to create an air gap between your production environment and a copy of the protected data. The air gap restricts network access to the data except during the timeframe when data replication occurs. This feature helps to protect against ransomware and malware.
To configure an IRE, you need a production NetBackup environment and a target Flex Appliance with a WORM storage server instance.
The production environment does not require any additional steps for this feature. Use the following procedure to configure an IRE on the target WORM storage server from the deduplication shell.
To configure an IRE
- If Auto Image Replication (AIR) is not configured on the production domain, continue to the next step.
If AIR is already configured on the production domain, log in to the deduplication shell as the msdpadm user. Run the following command to show the SLP windows for replication from the primary server to the WORM server.
setting ire-network-control show-slp-windows production_primary_server=<production domain> production_primary_server_username=<production username> ire_primary_server=<IRE domain> ire_primary_server_username=<IRE username>
<production domain> is the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of the primary server in your production environment.
<production username> is the username of a NetBackup user with permission to list SLPs and SLP windows in the production environment. For Windows users, enter the username in the format <domain name>\<username>. For other users, enter the username only.
<IRE domain> is the FQDN of the primary server in the IRE. Use the same hostname that you used for the target primary server when you configured the SLPs in the production environment.
<IRE username> is the username of a NetBackup user with permission to list SLPs and storage units in the IRE. For Windows users, enter the username in the format <domain name>\<username>. For other users, enter the username only.
production_primary_server=examplePrimary.domain.com production_primary_server_username=appadmin ire_primary_server=exampleIREPrimary.domain.com ire_primary_server_username=appadmin
The following is an example output of the command:
EveryDayAtNoon: SLPs: SLP1 Sunday start: 12:00:00 duration: 00:59:59 Monday start: 12:00:00 duration: 00:59:59 Tuesday start: 12:00:00 duration: 00:59:59 Wednesday start: 12:00:00 duration: 00:59:59 Thursday start: 12:00:00 duration: 00:59:59 Friday start: 12:00:00 duration: 00:59:59 Saturday start: 12:00:00 duration: 00:59:59 WeeklyWindow: SLPs: SLP2 Sunday start: 10:00:00 duration: 01:59:59 Monday NONE Tuesday NONE Wednesday NONE Thursday NONE Friday NONE Saturday start: 10:00:00 duration: 01:59:59
This example shows two SLP windows:
A daily window for one hour starting at noon.
A weekly window for two hours starting at 10:00 A.M.
- Based on the requirements for your environment, determine a schedule and take note of it. For an existing AIR environment, the schedule must accommodate the SLP windows that you viewed in the previous step.
You can set a daily schedule that is open at the same time each day, or you can set a different schedule for each day of the week.
In the previous example, you can accommodate both SLP windows with either of the following:
A daily schedule from 10:00 A.M. to 1:00 P.M.
A schedule from 12:00 P.M. to 1:00 P.M. on Monday through Friday and a schedule from 10:00 A.M. to 1:00 P.M. on Saturday and Sunday
If the production environment and the IRE are in different time zones, the schedule must begin only once per day in both time zones. For example, if one environment is in the Asia/Kolkata time zone and the other is in the America/New_York time zone, the following schedule in Kolkata is not supported: Tuesday start time 22:00:00 and Wednesday start time 03:00:00. When these start times get converted to the New York time zone, they become Tuesday start time 12:30:00 and Tuesday start time 17:30:00, which is not supported.
- Run the following command to configure which subnets and IP addresses are allowed to access the WORM storage server:
setting ire-network-control allow-subnets subnets=<CIDR subnets or IP addresses>
Where <CIDR subnets or IP addresses> is a comma-separated list of the allowed IP addresses and subnets, in CIDR notation.
setting ire-network-control allow-subnets subnets=10.80.120.208,10.84.48.0/20
The IRE primary server, the IRE media servers, and the DNS server for the IRE must be included in the allowed list. If all of these servers are in the same subnet, only the subnet is required to be in the allowed list. If you have a dual stack IPv4-IPv6 network, make sure that you add both the IPv4 and the IPv6 addresses to the allowed list.
- Run the following command to set the daily air gap schedule:
setting ire-network-control set-schedule start_time=<time> duration=<duration> [weekday=<0-6>]
Where [weekday=<0-6>] is an optional parameter to indicate the day if you need to set different schedules for different days. 0 is Sunday, 1 is Monday, etc.
setting ire-network-control set-schedule start_time=10:00:00 duration=03:00:00 weekday=0
- Before you can send data between the production domain and the IRE storage server, you must add MSDP reverse connections and add the replication operation. See Configuring data transmission between a production environment and an IRE WORM storage server.