Veritas NetBackup™ for Nutanix Acropolis Hypervisor (AHV) Administrator's Guide

Last Published:
Product(s): NetBackup (8.2)
  1. Introduction to NetBackup for Acropolis Hypervisor (AHV)
    1.  
      Protect AHV using NetBackup
    2. About the Hypervisor policy type to protect Nutanix AHV VMs
      1.  
        Migrating BigData policy to Hypervisor policy
    3.  
      NetBackup terminology related to the AHV backup
    4.  
      NetBackup for AHV environment
  2. Prerequisites and things to consider before using the plug-in
    1.  
      Prerequisites
    2. Things to consider before using the NetBackup plug-in for Nutanix AHV
      1.  
        NetBackup character restrictions for virtual machine names
  3. Downloading and installing the Nutanix plug-in
    1.  
      Plan the installation for Nutanix AHV
    2.  
      NetBackup server and client requirements
    3.  
      License requirements for the Nutanix AHV
    4.  
      Download the Nutanix AHV plug-in binaries
    5.  
      Install the Nutanix AHV plug-in
  4. Configuring NetBackup communication with AHV
    1.  
      Establishing communication between components
    2. Adding a backup host to the NetBackup master server
      1.  
        Adding a backup host to the NetBackup master access list
      2.  
        Configuring a NetBackup Appliance as a backup host
    3.  
      Adding a backup host to the Acropolis Cluster access list
    4. Configuring secure communication between the Nutanix Acropolis Hypervisor server and NetBackup host
      1.  
        About the nb_nutanix-ahv configuration file
      2. Managing SSL certificates through ECA framework
        1.  
          ECA_TRUST_STORE_PATH for NetBackup servers and clients
        2.  
          ECA_CRL_PATH for NetBackup servers and clients
        3.  
          VIRTUALIZATION_HOSTS_SECURE_CONNECT_ENABLED for servers and clients
        4.  
          VIRTUALIZATION_CRL_CHECK for NetBackup servers and clients
    5.  
      Adding the Nutanix Acropolis Cluster credentials for NetBackup
  5. Configuring NetBackup policies for AHV
    1.  
      Creating a backup policy using the NetBackup Policies utility
    2.  
      Creating a backup policy using the NetBackup Command Line Interface
  6. Backup and recovery
    1. Back up the Nutanix AHV virtual machines
      1.  
        Basic phases in a NetBackup backup of an AHV
    2. Overview of the Nutanix AHV virtual machines recovery process
      1.  
        About recovering the Nutanix AHV virtual machines
      2.  
        Planning the recovery of a Nutanix AHV VM
      3.  
        Recovering a Nutanix AHV VM using the Backup, Archive, and Restore console
      4.  
        About recovering AHV VMs from the images that are backed up using NetBackup versions 8.1, 8.1.1, or 8.1.2
      5. Recovering a Nutanix AHV VM using the command line for Hypervisor policy
        1.  
          Creating or modifying the rename file
        2.  
          Using the command line to recover Nutanix AHV virtual machines for Hypervisor policy
  7. Troubleshooting issues
    1.  
      Troubleshooting issues related to AHV backup
    2.  
      NetBackup logs
    3.  
      About errors during policy creation, restore, and validation
    4.  
      NetBackup status codes
  8. Appendix A. NetBackup commands to backup and restore Nutanix AHV virtual machines
    1.  
      NetBackup commands for protecting the AHV
  9. Appendix B. Protect Nutanix AHV virtual machines with BigData policy
    1.  
      Using the BigData policy to backup and restore Nutanix AHV virtual machines
    2. Recovering a Nutanix AHV VM using the command line for BigData policy
      1.  
        Creating or modifying the rename file
      2.  
        Using the command line to recover Nutanix AHV virtual machines for BigData policy

Creating a backup policy using the NetBackup Command Line Interface

This topic provides information about using the command line interface to create a Hypervisor policy.

The NetBackup commands for policy creation are in the following directory:

Windows: install_path\Veritas\NetBackup\bin\admincmd

UNIX or Linux: /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/admincmd

To define a backup policy using the command line interface, run these commands on the NetBackup master server.

  1. Create a policy.

    bppolicynew policy_name

    For example: bppolicynew nutanix

  2. Set the policy attributes.

    bpplinfo policy_name -set

    To modify the policy type attributes, run the following command:

    bpplinfo policy_name -modify [-v] [-M master_server,...] -pt policy_type

    The policy_type value is Hypervisor.

    To add a storage unit, run the following command:

    bpplinfo policy_name -residence label - modify

    For example: bpplinfo nutanix -modify -v -M my.master.server -pt Hypervisor -residence stu

    To limit the number of simultaneous jobs per policy, run the following command:

    bpplinfo policy_name [-policyjobs max_jobs]

    For example: bpplinfo nutanix -policyjobs 50

  3. Create a policy schedule.

    bpplsched policy_name [-v] [-M master_server,...] -add sched_label [-st sched_type] [-freq frequency]

    For example: bpplsched nutanix -add Full -st FULL

    Note:

    If you enable Accelerator, include at least 2 full backup schedules:

    - One full schedule with the Accelerator forced rescan option disabled

    - Second full schedule with the Accelerator forced rescan enabled

    Configure the forced rescan enabled schedule to run less frequently than the first full backup schedule.

    For example, if the first full backup schedule runs weekly, run the second schedule (with the Accelerator forced rescan option enabled) every month. However, the best frequency for this schedule depends upon your environment.

    To enable the Accelerator forced rescan option, set checksum_change_detection=1.

  4. Select the clients or virtual machines to back up.

    bpplinclude policy_name -add 'Nutanix-AHV:/?filter=Displayname AnyOf '\"VM_hostname"\''

  5. Add a backup host using the following command:

    bpplclients policy_name -add backup_host

  6. To enable the Accelerator feature:

    Accelerator

    bpplinfo policy_name -modify -use_accelerator 1 -residence 
    STU_name -use_virtual_machine 6 -alt_client_name backup_hostname 
    -snapshot_method "Hypervisor_snap"  - snapshot_method_args 
    "application_consistent=1,Virtual_machine_backup=1,
    nameuse=1,file_system_optimization=0,exclude_swap=0"
     -fi 1 -offhost_backup 1 -ct "Hypervisor" -active 
    -application_discovery 1 -blkincr=1

    Non-Accelerator

    bpplinfo policy_name -modify -use_accelerator 0 -residence 
    STU_name -use_virtual_machine 6 -alt_client_name backup_hostname 
    -snapshot_method "Hypervisor_snap"  - snapshot_method_args 
    "application_consistent=1,Virtual_machine_backup=1,
    nameuse=1,file_system_optimization=0,exclude_swap=0"
     -fi 1 -offhost_backup 1 -ct "Hypervisor" -active 
    -application_discovery 1
  7. Validate the policy.

    bpclient -policy policy_name -validate

    For example, bpclient -policy nutanix -validate

    If the policy successfully validates, no output appears. Otherwise, the following error occurs: Error code 48: client hostname could not be found.

  8. Use the bpbackup command to start the backup.
  9. Use the bprestore command to start the restore.

For detailed information about the commands and additional options, refer to the NetBackup Command Reference Guide.