Veritas NetBackup™ Vault™ Administrator's Guide

Last Published:
Product(s): NetBackup (8.2, 8.1.2, 8.1.1, 8.1)
  1. About Vault
    1.  
      About Vault
    2.  
      About Vault and NetBackup functions
    3.  
      About accessing NetBackup Vault
    4.  
      About Vaulting original or duplicate images
    5. About the Vault process
      1.  
        About choosing backup images
      2.  
        About duplicating backup images
      3.  
        About backing up the NetBackup catalog
      4.  
        About ejecting media
      5.  
        About generating reports
    6.  
      About how Vault uses volume groups and pools
    7.  
      About NetBackup and Vault configuration
    8.  
      About Vault management procedures
  2. Installing Vault
    1.  
      About supported systems
    2.  
      About supported robots
    3. About installing and configuring Vault on UNIX and Linux systems
      1.  
        Adding a valid license key and configuring Vault for UNIX and Linux systems
      2.  
        About upgrading NetBackup Vault on UNIX and Linux systems
      3.  
        Deleting a Vault license key from UNIX and Linux systems
    4. About installing and configuring Vault on Microsoft Windows systems
      1.  
        Adding a Vault license on a Windows system
      2.  
        About upgrading NetBackup Vault on a Windows system
      3.  
        Deleting the Vault license from a Windows system
  3. Best Practices
    1.  
      About best practices
    2.  
      About vaulting paradigms
    3. About preferred vaulting strategies
      1.  
        About Vault original backups
      2.  
        About disk staging
    4. About how to ensure that data is vaulted
      1. About overlapping the time window in the profile
        1.  
          About the consequences of not overlapping the time window
      2.  
        About resolving multiple names for a single server
      3. About specifying a robotic volume group when configuring a Vault
        1.  
          About multiple volume groups (Multiple robots)
    5. About not Vaulting more than necessary
      1.  
        About sending only the intended backups off-site
      2.  
        About avoiding vaulting partial images
      3.  
        About vaulting original backups in a 24x7 environment
    6. About preparing for efficient recovery
      1.  
        About Vault NetBackup catalog requirements and guidelines
      2.  
        About naming conventions for volume pools and groups
      3.  
        About matching volume pools to data usage
      4.  
        About the primary copy
      5.  
        About suspending vaulted media
      6.  
        About revaulting unexpired media
    7.  
      About media ejection recommendations
    8. About avoiding resource contention during duplication
      1. About two processes trying to use the same drive
        1.  
          Alternative A: dedicated robot for Vault processing
        2.  
          Alternative B: each robot as a Vault robot
        3.  
          Alternative C: one robot as both a backup and Vault robot
      2.  
        About when the read drive is not in the Vault robot
      3.  
        About sharing resources with backup jobs
      4. About load balancing
        1.  
          About profiles for both originals and duplicates
        2.  
          About spreading the workload
      5.  
        About specifying different volume pools for source and destination
      6.  
        About using a separate volume pool for each Vault
    9. About how to avoid sending duplicates over the network
      1.  
        About creating originals concurrently
      2.  
        About using alternate read server
      3.  
        About using advanced duplication configuration
      4.  
        About using storage units that specify a media server
    10. About increasing duplication throughput
      1.  
        About basic multiple-drive configuration
      2.  
        About multiple-drive configuration that does not send data over network
    11.  
      About maximizing drive utilization during duplication
    12.  
      About scratch volume pools
    13. About organizing reports
      1.  
        About organizing reports by robot
      2.  
        About organizing reports by Vault
      3.  
        About organizing reports by profile
      4.  
        About the consequences of sharing an off-site volume group across multiple robots
    14.  
      About generating the lost media report regularly
  4. Configuring NetBackup for Vault
    1.  
      About configuring NetBackup for Vault
    2. About off-site volume pools
      1.  
        Creating a volume pool
    3. About creating catalog backup schedules for Vault
      1. Creating a Vault catalog backup schedule in an existing policy
        1.  
          Vault catalog backup schedule configuration options
    4. About setting master server properties for Vault
      1.  
        Setting the maximum number of Vault jobs
  5. Configuring Vault
    1.  
      About configuring Vault
    2. About Vault configuration
      1.  
        Configuration information about master servers, media servers, and storage units
      2.  
        Robot information
    3.  
      About configuration methods
    4. About configuring Vault Management Properties
      1. General tab (Vault Management Properties)
        1.  
          Configuring Vault Management Properties on the General tab
      2. Alternate Media Server Names tab (Vault Management Properties)
        1.  
          About alternative media server names
        2.  
          About alternate media server names considerations
        3.  
          Adding alternate media server names
      3. Retention Mappings tab (Vault Management Properties)
        1.  
          Configuring global retention mappings
        2.  
          About retention mapping
      4. Reports tab (Vault Management Properties)
        1.  
          Changing report properties
    5.  
      Configuring robots in Vault
    6.  
      Vault Robot dialog box options
    7. About creating a vault
      1.  
        Creating a Vault
      2. About configuring Vault dialog box attributes
        1.  
          Vault Attributes tab options (Vault dialog box)
    8.  
      Media access ports dialog box
    9.  
      Creating retention mappings
    10. About creating profiles
      1.  
        Profile dialog box
      2.  
        About the number of profiles required
    11.  
      Creating a profile
    12. Configuring a profile
      1.  
        About configuring a profile using the Choose Backups tab
      2.  
        Choose Backups tab configuration options
      3. Duplication tab
        1.  
          About the primary backup copy
        2.  
          About basic duplication
        3.  
          About advanced duplication
        4.  
          Duplication tab configuration options
        5.  
          Multiple Copies options
        6.  
          Duplication Rule configurations
        7.  
          About the treatment of images without a corresponding duplication rule
      4. Catalog backup tab (Profile dialog box)
        1.  
          About Vault catalog backups
        2.  
          Catalog backup policy settings
        3.  
          About critical policies
        4.  
          Catalog backup tab configuration options
      5. Eject tab (Profile dialog box)
        1.  
          About media ejection
        2.  
          About ACS MAP
        3.  
          About eject mode (immediate or deferred)
        4.  
          About media ejection timeout impact
        5.  
          Eject tab configuration options
      6. Reports tab (Profile dialog box)
        1.  
          About report mode (immediate or deferred)
        2.  
          Reports that depend on eject
        3.  
          Reports tab configuration options
        4.  
          Changing report properties
  6. Vaulting and managing media
    1. About Vault sessions
      1. About scheduling a Vault session
        1.  
          Creating a Vault policy
        2.  
          Vault policy configuration information
      2. About running a session manually
        1.  
          Running a Vault session from the NetBackup Administration Console
        2.  
          Running a session from a command line
      3.  
        About running multiple sessions simultaneously
    2.  
      About previewing a Vault session
    3.  
      Stopping a Vault session
    4.  
      About resuming a Vault session
    5. About monitoring a Vault session
      1.  
        About detailed Vault job status
      2.  
        About extended error codes
    6. About the list of images to be vaulted
      1.  
        About duplication exclusions
      2.  
        About ejection exclusions
      3.  
        About Vault resiliency
    7. About ejecting media
      1.  
        Previewing media to be ejected
      2.  
        Ejecting media by using the NetBackup Administration Console
      3.  
        Ejecting media by using the Vault operator menu
      4.  
        Ejecting media by using the vlteject command
      5.  
        Ejecting media by using a Vault policy
      6.  
        Consolidating ejects and reports
    8. About injecting media
      1.  
        Injecting media for libraries with and without barcode readers
      2.  
        Injecting media by using the Vault Operator Menu
      3.  
        Injecting media by using the vltinject command
    9. About using containers
      1. About vaulting media in containers
        1.  
          Vaulting container media by using the Vault operator menu
        2.  
          Vaulting container media by using the vltcontainers command
      2. About managing containers and media
        1.  
          Managing container media by using the Vault operator menu
        2.  
          Managing container media by using the vltcontainers command
      3.  
        Generating a Container Inventory Report
    10.  
      Assigning multiple retentions with one profile
    11. About vaulting additional volumes
      1.  
        Duplicating a volume manually
      2.  
        Duplicating a volume by using Vault
    12.  
      Revaulting unexpired media
    13.  
      About tracking volumes not ejected by Vault
    14.  
      Vaulting non-NetBackup media managed by Media Manager
    15.  
      About notifying a tape operator when an eject begins
    16. About using notify scripts
      1.  
        About notify script for a specific robot
      2.  
        About notify script for a specific Vault
      3.  
        About notify script for a specific profile
      4.  
        Notify script order of execution
    17.  
      About clearing the media description field
    18.  
      Restoring data from vaulted media
    19.  
      Replacing damaged media
  7. Creating originals or copies concurrently
    1.  
      About concurrent copies
    2. About the continue or fail for concurrent copies
      1.  
        About continue copies
      2.  
        About fail all copies
    3.  
      Creating multiple original images concurrently
    4. About creating duplicate images concurrently
      1.  
        Creating concurrent copies through the catalog node
      2.  
        Creating concurrent copies using the basic duplication tab
      3.  
        Creating concurrent multiple copies using the advanced duplication options
  8. Reporting
    1.  
      About reports
    2. About generating reports
      1.  
        Generating reports by using the Vault operator menu
      2.  
        Generating reports by using the vlteject command
      3.  
        Creating a Vault policy to generate reports
    3. About consolidating reports
      1.  
        About consolidated reports in previous Vault releases
    4.  
      Viewing Vault reports
    5. Vault report types
      1. Reports for media going off site
        1.  
          Picking List for Robot report
        2.  
          Distribution List for Vault report
        3.  
          Detailed Distribution List for Vault report
        4.  
          Summary Distribution List for Vault report
      2. Reports for media coming on-site
        1.  
          Picking List for Vault report
        2.  
          Distribution List for Robot report
      3. Inventory reports
        1.  
          Vault Inventory report
        2.  
          Off-site Inventory report
        3.  
          All Media Inventory report
        4.  
          Container Inventory report
        5.  
          Recovery Report for Vault report
      4.  
        Lost Media report
      5.  
        Non-vaulted Images Exception report
      6.  
        About the Iron Mountain FTP file
  9. Administering Vault
    1.  
      About setting up email
    2. About administering access to Vault
      1.  
        About the Vault Operator user group permissions
    3.  
      About printing Vault and profile information
    4.  
      Copying a profile
    5.  
      About moving a vault to a different robot
    6.  
      About changing volume pools and groups
    7. About NetBackup Vault session files
      1.  
        About setting up Vault session log files
      2.  
        Setting the duration of Vault session files
    8.  
      Operational issue with disk-only option on Duplication tab
    9.  
      Operational issues with the scope of the source volume group
  10. Using the menu user interface
    1.  
      About using the menu interfaces
    2.  
      About the Vault administration interface
    3.  
      Vault operator menu interface
    4.  
      Vault fields in bpdbjobs output
  11. Troubleshooting
    1.  
      About troubleshooting Vault
    2.  
      About printing problems
    3.  
      About errors returned by the Vault session
    4.  
      About media that are not ejected
    5.  
      About media that is missing in robot
    6.  
      Reduplicating a bad or missing duplicate tape
    7.  
      About the tape drive or robot offline
    8.  
      No duplicate progress message
    9.  
      About stopping bpvault
    10.  
      About ejecting tapes that are in use
    11.  
      About tapes not removed from the MAP
    12.  
      Revaulting unexpired tapes
    13. Debug logs
      1.  
        Setting the duration and level for log files
      2.  
        Logs to accompany problem reports
  12. Appendix A. Recovering from disasters
    1. About disaster recovery
      1.  
        About what defines a disaster
      2.  
        About the disaster recovery process
      3.  
        About disaster recovery plans
      4.  
        About recovery priorities
      5.  
        About developing disaster recovery plans
      6.  
        About testing disaster recovery plans
    2.  
      About disaster recovery in the NetBackup Vault context
    3.  
      About preparing for recovery
    4.  
      About recovering NetBackup
    5.  
      Recovering data and restoring backup images
    6.  
      Archiving and recovering from a specific point in time
  13. Appendix B. Vault file and directory structure
    1.  
      UNIX files and directories
    2.  
      Windows files and directories

About preparing for recovery

Recovering data can be a difficult and time consuming process. The success of recovery often depends on how well you prepare for disaster. Your preparations for disaster and what you have to accomplish during a recovery depends on your recovery systems. For example, suppose your recovery site and systems are already operational and have NetBackup and Vault installed. You do not have to protect the NetBackup installation media and the license keys and install NetBackup during the recovery process. You only have to recover the NetBackup catalogs and data. Conversely, if your recovery systems do not have NetBackup and Vault installed and configured, you have to prepare for that and accomplish it during recovery.

You should do the following to prepare for recovery using NetBackup and Vault. (You may not have to do some of the items listed, and you may have to do more than what is listed.)

  • Develop a disaster recovery plan.

  • Test the disaster recovery plan.

  • Back up and vault data regularly. In addition to backing up files on a regular basis, it is important to select the correct files to back up. You should back up all data that your organization's impact analysis determines is critical and store copies at a secure, off-site storage location.

  • If you can recover to the same or identical hardware, back up and vault the applications that your organization's impact analysis determines are critical. You also should back up system files so you can quickly restore a system to normal operation.

    • Include all operating system files in your backups. For Microsoft Windows systems, the Windows system directories include the registry, without which it is impossible to restore a system to its original configuration. If you are using a NetBackup exclude list for a client, do not specify any Windows system files in that list.

      Restoring operating system files is not helpful if you are recovering data to a different system at your original site or disaster recovery site. You can back up those files, but then not restore them if you are recovering to a different system or site.

    • Back up executable and other files for applications you need to conduct critical operations. You may want to save money by using fewer tape volumes, but backing up critical applications ensures that you can restore them to their exact configurations. For example, if you have applied software updates or patches, restoring from a backup eliminates the need to reapply them, reducing recovery time.

  • Every time you vault media, store the Recovery Report securely. The same disaster that destroys your site can destroy your Recovery Report. You need the Recovery Report to identify the media you need to recall from off-site storage. Your vault vendor may let you vault your Recovery Report. If you have a recovery site equipped with computers, email the Recovery Report to that site.

  • Record and protect the names of the policies that are used to backup the data you want to recover. The Recovery Report is organized by policy. You need to know which policies are used so you can identify the media you need to recover.

  • Record and protect the names of the off-site volume groups for the data you want to recover. Those names are used during the recovery process. Alternatively, you can obtain the off-site volume group names after you restore the NetBackup catalog (because the catalog includes the Vault configuration).

  • Document the commands and options that you need to recover data. For example, the bpchangeprimary command is used to promote the vaulted images to primary images so that you can restore from them. So you should have a record of the commands and options that you need during the recovery process.

  • Protect the NetBackup and Vault installation media. You need the media so you can install NetBackup and Vault on the recovery system if it is not already installed.

  • Record and protect the license keys for NetBackup and Vault. You need them for NetBackup and Vault on the recovery system if you have to install NetBackup. You can use temporary license keys if necessary.

  • Protect the installation media and record the license keys for any other Veritas products that must be installed on the recovery systems. For example, if you use the Veritas File System and Veritas Volume Manager on the recovery systems, you need their license keys when you install those products.

  • Protect the installation media for the operating system and other applications that are required to run the systems you are using for recovery.

  • Protect your DR plan. The same disaster that destroys your site can destroy your DR plan and recovery report. You should have copies stored so that they will be available when needed. Your vault vendor may let you vault a copy of the DR plan.

Note:

Effective disaster recovery procedures are specific to an environment and provide detailed information about everything that should be accomplished to prepare for disaster and to recover after disaster occurs. Veritas provides general disaster recovery information that is intended as a model only. You must evaluate the information and then develop your own disaster recovery plans and procedures.