Veritas NetBackup™ Security and Encryption Guide
- Increasing NetBackup security
- Security deployment models
- Port security
- About NetBackup daemons, ports, and communication
- Additional port information for products that interoperate with NetBackup
- About configuring ports
- Auditing NetBackup operations
- About Enhanced Auditing
- Access control security
- NetBackup Access Control Security (NBAC)
- Configuring NetBackup Access Control (NBAC)
- Configuring Access Control host properties for the master and media server
- Access Control host properties dialog for the client
- Troubleshooting Access Management
- Windows verification points
- UNIX verification points
- Verification points in a mixed environment with a UNIX master server
- Verification points in a mixed environment with a Windows master server
- About determining who can access NetBackup
- Configuring user groups
- About defining a user group and users
- Viewing specific user permissions for NetBackup user groups
- About AD and LDAP domains
- Security management using NetBackup CA and NetBackup certificates
- About the Security Management utilities
- About audit events
- About host management
- Adding shared or cluster mappings
- Allowing or disallowing automatic certificate reissue
- About global security settings
- About host name-based certificates
- About host ID-based certificates
- Using the Certificate Management utility to issue and deploy host ID-based certificates
- About NetBackup certificate deployment security levels
- Setting up trust with the master server (Certificate Authority)
- About reissuing host ID-based certificates
- About Token Management for host ID-based certificates
- About the host ID-based certificate revocation list
- About revoking host ID-based certificates
- Host ID-based certificate deployment in a clustered setup
- About deployment of a host ID-based certificate on a clustered NetBackup host
- External CA support in NetBackup
- About external CA support in NetBackup
- Configuration options for external CA-signed certificates
- ECA_CERT_PATH for NetBackup servers and clients
- About certificate revocation lists for external CA
- About certificate enrollment
- Configuring an external certificate for the NetBackup web server
- About external certificate configuration for a clustered master server
- Configuration options for external CA-signed certificates for a virtual name
- About API keys in NetBackup
- Data at rest encryption security
- About NetBackup client encryption
- Configuring standard encryption on clients
- About configuring standard encryption from the server
- Configuring legacy encryption on clients
- About configuring legacy encryption from the client
- About configuring legacy encryption from the server
- Additional legacy key file security for UNIX clients
- Data at rest key management
- About the Key Management Service (KMS)
- Installing KMS
- Configuring KMS
- About key groups and key records
- Overview of key record states
- Configuring NetBackup to work with KMS
- About using KMS for encryption
- KMS database constituents
- Command line interface (CLI) commands
- About exporting and importing keys from the KMS database
- Troubleshooting KMS
- Regenerating keys and certificates
- NetBackup web services account
About NetBackup auditing
Auditing is enabled by default in new installations. NetBackup auditing can be configured directly on a NetBackup master server or by using OpsCenter. See the NetBackup OpsCenter Administrator's Guide for more details.
Auditing of NetBackup operations provides the following benefits:
Customers can gain insight from audit trails while they investigate unexpected changes in a NetBackup environment.
The record complies with guidelines such as those required by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX).
A method for customers to adhere to internal change management policies.
Help for NetBackup Support in troubleshooting problems for customers.
The NetBackup Audit Manager (nbaudit) runs on the master server and audit records are maintained in the Enterprise Media Manager (EMM) database.
An administrator can search specifically for:
When an action occurred
Failed actions in certain situations
The actions that a specific user performed
The actions that were performed in a specific content area
Changes to the audit configuration
Note the following:
The audit record truncates any entries greater than 4096 characters. (For example, policy name.)
The audit record truncates any restore image IDs greater than 1024 characters.
NetBackup records the following user-initiated actions.
Activity monitor actions
Canceling, suspending, resuming, restarting, or deleting any type of job creates an audit record.
Alerts and email notifications
If an alert cannot be generated or an email notification cannot be sent for NetBackup configuration settings. For example, SMTP server configuration and the list of excluded status codes for alerts.
Deleting an asset, such as a vCenter server, as part of the asset cleanup process with the Asset Database API is audited and logged.
Creating, modifying, or deleting an asset group as well any action on an asset group for which a user is not authorized is audited and logged.
Authorization failure is audited when you use the NetBackup web UI, the NetBackup APIs, or Enhanced Auditing.
This information includes:
Creating, revoking, renewing, and deploying of NetBackup certificates and specific NetBackup certificate failures.
Certificate Verification Failures (CVFs)
Any failed connection attempts that involve SSL handshake errors, revoked certificates, or host name validation failures.
For certificate verification failures (CVFs) that involve SSL handshakes and revoked certificates, the timestamp indicates when the audit record is posted to the master server. (Rather than when an individual certificate verification fails.) A CVF audit record represents a group of CVF events over a time period. The record details provide the start and the end times of the time period as well as the total number of CVFs that occurred in that period.
Disk pools and Volume pools actions
Adding, deleting, or updating disk or volume pools.
Creating, modifying, and deleting hold operations.
NetBackup host database-related operations.
Any successful or any failed logon attempts for the NetBackup Administration Console, the NetBackup web UI or the NetBackup APIs.
Adding, deleting, or updating policy attributes, clients, schedules, and backup selections lists.
Restore and browse image user actions
All the restore and browse image content (bplist) operations that a user performs are audited with the user identity.
Information that is related to changes that are made to the security configuration settings.
Starting a restore job
NetBackup does not audit when other types of jobs begin. For example, NetBackup does not audit when a backup job begins.
Starting and stopping the NetBackup Audit Manager (nbaudit).
Starting and stopping of the nbaudit manager is always audited, even if auditing is disabled.
Storage lifecycle policy actions
Attempts to create, modify, or delete a storage lifecycle policy (SLP) are audited and logged. However, activating and suspending an SLP using the command nbstlutil are not audited. These operations are audited only when they are initiated from a NetBackup graphical user interface or API.
Storage servers actions
Adding, deleting, or updating storage servers.
Storage units actions
Adding, deleting, or updating storage units.
Actions that are related to storage lifecycle policies are not audited.
Creating, deleting, and cleanup of tokens and specific token issuing failures.
Adding and deleting Enhanced Auditing users in the Enhanced Auditing mode.
User action that fails to create an audit record
If auditing is enabled but a user action fails to create an audit record, the audit failure is
captured in the
The following actions are not audited and do not display in the audit report:
Any failed actions.
NetBackup logs failed actions in NetBackup error logs. Failed actions do not display in audit reports because a failed attempt does not bring about a change in the NetBackup system state.
The effect of a configuration change
The results of a change to the NetBackup configuration are not audited. For example, the creation of a policy is audited, but the jobs that result from its creation are not.
The completion status of a manually initiated restore job
While the act of initiating a restore job is audited, the completion status of the job is not audited. Nor is the completion status of any other job type, whether initiated manually or not. The completion status is displayed in the Activity Monitor (Administration Console) and in the Jobs (web UI).
Internally initiated actions
NetBackup-initiated internal actions are not audited. For example, the scheduled deletion of expired images, scheduled backups, or periodic image database cleanup is not audited.
Some operations are carried out as multiple steps. For example, creating an MSDP-based storage server consists of multiple steps. Every successful step is audited. Failure in any of the steps results in a rollback, or rather, the successful steps may need to be undone. The audit record does not contain details about rollback operations.
Host properties actions
Changes made using the bpsetconfig or the nbsetconfig commands, or the equivalent property in the Host Properties utility, are not audited. Changes that are made directly to the bp.conf file or to the registry are not audited.