Veritas NetBackup™ Security and Encryption Guide
- Increasing NetBackup security
- Security deployment models
- Port security
- About NetBackup daemons, ports, and communication
- Additional port information for products that interoperate with NetBackup
- About configuring ports
- Auditing NetBackup operations
- About Enhanced Auditing
- Access control security
- NetBackup Access Control Security (NBAC)
- Configuring NetBackup Access Control (NBAC)
- Configuring Access Control host properties for the master and media server
- Access Control host properties dialog for the client
- Troubleshooting Access Management
- Windows verification points
- UNIX verification points
- Verification points in a mixed environment with a UNIX master server
- Verification points in a mixed environment with a Windows master server
- About determining who can access NetBackup
- Configuring user groups
- About defining a user group and users
- Viewing specific user permissions for NetBackup user groups
- About AD and LDAP domains
- Security management using NetBackup CA and NetBackup certificates
- About the Security Management utilities
- About audit events
- About host management
- Adding shared or cluster mappings
- Allowing or disallowing automatic certificate reissue
- About global security settings
- About host name-based certificates
- About host ID-based certificates
- Using the Certificate Management utility to issue and deploy host ID-based certificates
- About NetBackup certificate deployment security levels
- Setting up trust with the master server (Certificate Authority)
- About reissuing host ID-based certificates
- About Token Management for host ID-based certificates
- About the host ID-based certificate revocation list
- About revoking host ID-based certificates
- Host ID-based certificate deployment in a clustered setup
- About deployment of a host ID-based certificate on a clustered NetBackup host
- External CA support in NetBackup
- About external CA support in NetBackup
- Configuration options for external CA-signed certificates
- ECA_CERT_PATH for NetBackup servers and clients
- About certificate revocation lists for external CA
- About certificate enrollment
- Configuring an external certificate for the NetBackup web server
- About external certificate configuration for a clustered master server
- Configuration options for external CA-signed certificates for a virtual name
- About API keys in NetBackup
- Data at rest encryption security
- About NetBackup client encryption
- Configuring standard encryption on clients
- About configuring standard encryption from the server
- Configuring legacy encryption on clients
- About configuring legacy encryption from the client
- About configuring legacy encryption from the server
- Additional legacy key file security for UNIX clients
- Data at rest key management
- About the Key Management Service (KMS)
- Installing KMS
- Configuring KMS
- About key groups and key records
- Overview of key record states
- Configuring NetBackup to work with KMS
- About using KMS for encryption
- KMS database constituents
- Command line interface (CLI) commands
- About exporting and importing keys from the KMS database
- Troubleshooting KMS
- Regenerating keys and certificates
- NetBackup web services account
Master server verification points for Windows
The following topics describe procedures to:
Verify Windows master server settings.
Verify which computers are permitted to perform authorization lookups.
Verify that the database is configured correctly.
Verify that the nbatd and nbazd processes are running.
Verify that the host properties are configured correctly.
The following table describes the master server verification procedures for Windows.
Table: Master server verification procedures for Windows
Verify Windows master server settings
You can determine the domain in which a host is registered (where the primary authentication broker resides). Or you can determine the name of the computer the certificate represents. Run bpnbat with -whoami and specify the host credential file. The server credentials are located in the
bpnbat -whoami -cf "c:\Program Files\Veritas\Netbackup\var\vxss\credentials\ win_master" Name: win_master.company.com Domain: NBU_Machines@win_master.company.com Issued by: /CN=broker/OU=root@win_master.company.com/ O=vx Expiry Date: Oct 31 20:17:51 2007 GMT Authentication method: Veritas Private Security Operation completed successfully.
If the domain listed is not NBU_Machines@win_master.company.com, consider running bpnbat -addmachine for the name in question (win_master). This command is run on the computer with the authentication broker that serves the NBU_Machines domain (win_master).
Then, on the computer where we want to place the certificate (win_master), run:
As you determine when a user's credentials expire, keep in mind that the output displays the expiration time in GMT, not local time.
For the remaining procedures in this verification section, assume that the commands are performed from a console window. And that the user identity in question has run bpnbat -login from that window. The user is an identity that is a member of NBU_Security Admin. This identity is usually the first identity with which the security was set up.
Verify which computers are present in the authentication broker
To verify which computers are present in the authentication broker, log on as a member of the Administrators group and run the following command:
This command shows the computers for which you have run bpnbat -AddMachine.
If a host is not on the list, run bpnbat -AddMachine from the master. Then run bpnbat -loginMachine from the host in question.
Verify which computers are permitted to perform authorization lookups
To verify which computers are permitted to perform authorization lookups, log on as a member of the Administrators group and run the following command:
This command shows that win_master and win_media (master and media servers) are permitted to perform authorization lookups. Note that both servers are authenticated against the same Private Domain (domain type vx), NBU_Machines@win_master.company.com.
Run this command by local administrator or by root. The local administrator must be a member of the NBU_Security Admin user group.
bpnbaz -ShowAuthorizers ========== Type: User Domain Type: vx Domain:NBU_Machines@win_master.company.com Name: win_master.company.com ========== Type: User Domain Type: vx Domain:NBU_Machines@win_master.company.com Name: win_media.company.com Operation completed successfully.
If a master server or media server is not on the list of authorized computers, run bpnbaz -allowauthorization server_name to add the missing computer.
Verify that the database is configured correctly
To make sure that the database is configured correctly, run bpnbaz -listgroups:
bpnbaz -listgroups NBU_Operator NBU_Admin NBU_SAN Admin NBU_User NBU_Security Admin Vault_Operator Operation completed successfully.
If the groups do not appear, or if bpnbaz -listmainobjects does not return data, you may need to run bpnbaz -SetupSecurity.
Verify that the nbatd and nbazd processes are running
Use the Windows Task Manager to make sure that nbatd.exe and nbazd.exe are running on the designated host. If necessary, start them.
Verify that the host properties are configured correctly
In the access control host properties, verify that the NetBackup Authentication and Authorization property is set correctly. (The setting should be either Automatic or Required, depending on whether all computers use NetBackup Authentication and Authorization or not. If all computers do not use NetBackup Authentication and Authorization, set it to Automatic.
The host properties can also be verified by looking at USE_VXSS in the registry at:
Figure: Host properties settings shows an example of the host properties settings on the Authentication domain tab.
In the Access Control host properties, verify that the listed authentication domains are spelled correctly and point to the proper servers (valid authentication brokers). If all of the domains are Windows-based, they should point to a Windows computer that runs the authentication broker.
The following figure shows the host properties settings on the Authentication domain tab.