Veritas NetBackup™ Virtual Appliance Documentation

Last Published:
Product(s): Appliances (3.3.0.1)
Platform: NetBackup Virtual Appliance
  1. Getting to know the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    1. NetBackup Virtual Appliance product description
      1.  
        About the NetBackup Virtual Appliance master server role
      2.  
        About the NetBackup Virtual Appliance combined master and media server role
      3.  
        About the NetBackup Virtual Appliance media server role
    2.  
      NetBackup Virtual Appliance supported features
    3.  
      About the NetBackup Virtual Appliance documentation
    4.  
      NetBackup Virtual Appliance 3.3.0.1 new features, enhancements, and changes
    5.  
      Known limitations of the NetBackup Virtual Appliance 3.3.0.1 release
    6.  
      Operational Notes for the NetBackup Virtual Appliance 3.3.0.1 release
  2. Preparing to deploy the appliance
    1.  
      NetBackup Virtual Appliance product files (OVF templates)
    2.  
      NetBackup Virtual Appliance deployment methods
    3. NetBackup Virtual Appliance deployment guidelines
      1.  
        Configuration overview for NetBackup Virtual Appliance MSDP cloud applications
      2.  
        NetBackup Virtual Appliance initial deployment checklist
  3. Deploying and configuring the appliance
    1. How to deploy and configure a NetBackup Virtual Appliance combined master and media server
      1.  
        Using the vSphere Client to deploy a combined master and media server appliance
      2.  
        Using the OVF Tool to deploy a combined master and media server appliance
      3.  
        Performing the initial configuration on a NetBackup Virtual Appliance combined master and media server
      4.  
        Completing the initial configuration of the NetBackup Virtual Appliance combined master and media server
    2. How to deploy and configure a NetBackup Virtual Appliance media server
      1.  
        Using the vSphere Client to deploy a media server appliance
      2.  
        Using the OVF Tool to deploy a media server appliance
      3.  
        Configuring a master server to communicate with an appliance media server
      4.  
        Performing the initial configuration on a NetBackup Virtual Appliance media server
    3. How to deploy and configure a NetBackup Virtual Appliance master server
      1.  
        Using the vSphere Client to deploy a NetBackup Virtual Appliance master server
      2.  
        Using the OVF Tool to deploy a master server
      3.  
        Performing the initial configuration on a NetBackup Virtual Appliance master server
  4. Post initial configuration procedures
    1.  
      About modifying the NetBackup Virtual Appliance settings
    2.  
      Adding a permanent license key if an evaluation license key expires
    3.  
      Managing license keys on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
  5. Appliance common tasks
    1.  
      Common tasks in NetBackup Virtual Appliance
  6. Storage management
    1. About NetBackup Virtual Appliance storage configuration
      1. About viewing storage space information using the Show command
        1.  
          Viewing all storage information
        2.  
          Viewing disk information
        3.  
          Viewing partition information
        4.  
          Viewing the partition distribution on disks
      2.  
        Resizing a partition
      3.  
        Troubleshooting resize-related issues
      4.  
        Moving a partition
      5.  
        Monitoring the progress of storage manipulation tasks
      6.  
        Scanning storage devices using the NetBackup Virtual Appliance Shell Menu
      7.  
        Adding storage space for the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      8.  
        Removing an existing storage disk
    2. About OpenStorage plugin installation
      1.  
        Installing the OpenStorage plugin
      2.  
        Uninstalling the OpenStorage plugin
  7. Deduplication pool catalog backup and recovery
    1.  
      About the NetBackup Virtual Appliance deduplication pool catalog backup policy
    2.  
      Automatic configuration of the NetBackup Virtual Appliance deduplication pool catalog backup policy
    3.  
      Manually configuring the NetBackup Virtual Appliance deduplication pool catalog backup policy
    4.  
      Manually updating the NetBackup Virtual Appliance deduplication pool catalog backup policy
    5.  
      Recovering the NetBackup Virtual Appliance deduplication pool catalog
  8. Network connection management
    1.  
      About IPv4-IPv6-based network support
    2.  
      Network settings for the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    3.  
      Configuring DNS and host name mapping for the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    4.  
      Setting the date and time on a NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    5.  
      Configuring static routes on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    6.  
      Expanding the bandwidth on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
  9. Managing users
    1.  
      About managing NetBackup Virtual Appliance users
    2.  
      About NetBackup Virtual Appliance account types
    3.  
      Adding NetBackup Virtual Appliance users
    4.  
      Deleting NetBackup Virtual Appliance users
    5.  
      Adding NetBackup Virtual Appliance user groups
    6.  
      Deleting NetBackup Virtual Appliance user groups
    7.  
      Granting roles to NetBackup Virtual Appliance users and user groups
    8.  
      Revoking roles from NetBackup Virtual Appliance users and user groups
    9. About user name and password specifications
      1.  
        About STIG-compliant password policy rules
    10.  
      Changing NetBackup Virtual Appliance user passwords
    11.  
      About password management and recovery
    12. About authenticating LDAP users
      1.  
        Adding or modifying an LDAP server configuration on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      2.  
        Importing an LDAP server configuration for the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      3.  
        Setting the SSL certification for LDAP on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      4.  
        Exporting an LDAP server configuration from the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      5.  
        Unconfiguring LDAP user authentication on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      6.  
        Disabling LDAP user authentication on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      7.  
        Enabling LDAP user authentication on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      8.  
        Adding an LDAP attribute mapping on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      9.  
        Deleting an LDAP attribute mapping on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    13. About authenticating Active Directory users
      1.  
        Adding an Active Directory server configuration
      2.  
        Unconfiguring Active Directory user authentication on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    14.  
      About authentication using smart cards and digital certificates
    15. About authenticating Kerberos-NIS users
      1.  
        Adding a Kerberos-NIS authentication configuration on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      2.  
        Unconfiguring Kerberos-NIS user authentication on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    16.  
      Generic user authentication guidelines
    17. About user authorization on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      1.  
        NetBackup Virtual Appliance user role privileges
      2.  
        About the Administrator user role
      3.  
        About the NetBackupCLI user role
    18. Creating NetBackup administrator user accounts
      1.  
        Logging on as a NetBackup administrator
      2.  
        Managing NetBackup administrator user account passwords
      3.  
        Viewing NetBackup administrator user accounts
      4.  
        Auditing NetBackup administrator accounts
    19.  
      Deleting NetBackup administrator user accounts
  10. Using the appliance
    1. About configuring Host parameters for your appliance on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      1.  
        Configuring data buffer options on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      2.  
        Configuring lifecycle parameters on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      3.  
        Managing NetBackup Virtual Appliance deduplication
      4. About BMR integration
        1.  
          Enabling BMR from the NetBackup Virtual Appliance Shell Menu
    2. About Copilot functionality and Share management
      1.  
        Creating a Share
      2.  
        Editing a Share
      3.  
        Deleting a Share
      4.  
        Moving a Share
      5.  
        Viewing Share information from the NetBackup Virtual Appliance Shell Menu
      6.  
        NFS export options
    3. About NetBackup Virtual Appliance as a VMware backup host
      1.  
        NetBackup Virtual Appliance as backup host: component overview
      2.  
        Notes on NetBackup Virtual Appliance as a VMware backup host
    4. About running NetBackup commands from the appliance
      1.  
        Running NetBackup commands from the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      2.  
        Creating a NetBackup touch file from the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      3.  
        Best practices for running NetBackup commands from the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      4.  
        About NetBackup operating system commands
      5.  
        Known limitations of running NetBackup commands from the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    5. About mounting a remote NFS
      1.  
        Mounting a remote NFS drive
      2.  
        Unmounting an NFS drive
    6. About Auto Image Replication from a NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      1.  
        Prerequisites for Auto Image Replication
      2.  
        Configuring a replication target
      3.  
        Determining the appliance deduplication password
    7.  
      Generating certificates
  11. Monitoring the appliance
    1.  
      About NetBackup Virtual Appliance alerts
    2.  
      Setting up email notifications for a NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    3.  
      Setting up SNMP notifications for a NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    4.  
      Enabling and disabling Call Home from the appliance shell menu
    5.  
      Configuring a Call Home proxy server from the NetBackup Virtual Appliance Shell Menu
    6. About SNMP
      1.  
        About the Management Information Base (MIB)
    7. About Call Home
      1.  
        Understanding the Call Home workflow
      2.  
        About the Product Improvement Program
    8.  
      About AutoSupport
    9.  
      About storage email alerts
  12. Appliance security
    1. About Symantec Data Center Security on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      1.  
        Auditing the SDCS logs on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      2.  
        Viewing SDCS audit log details
      3.  
        Changing the SDCS log retention settings on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
      4.  
        About SDCS event type codes and severity codes on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    2.  
      About data security
    3.  
      About data integrity
    4.  
      About data classification
    5.  
      About data encryption
    6.  
      About the NetBackup Virtual Appliance intrusion detection system
    7.  
      About the NetBackup Virtual Appliance intrusion prevention system
    8.  
      Major components of the NetBackup Virtual Appliance OS
    9.  
      OS STIG hardening for NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    10.  
      Unenforced STIG hardening rules
    11.  
      FIPS 140-2 conformance for NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    12.  
      Vulnerability scanning of the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    13.  
      About the appliance login banner
    14. Setting the appliance login banner
      1.  
        Creating the appliance login banner
      2.  
        Removing the appliance login banner
    15.  
      Log Forwarding feature overview
  13. Upgrading the appliance
    1. About upgrading to NetBackup Virtual Appliance software version 3.3.0.1
      1.  
        Supported upgrade paths
      2.  
        Preflight check before the upgrade
      3.  
        Appliance behavior during upgrades
      4.  
        About corresponding NetBackup software versions
      5.  
        About the Appliance Install Manager
    2. Requirements and best practices for upgrading NetBackup appliances
      1.  
        Upgrade time estimation
    3.  
      Pre-upgrade tasks for appliance upgrades
    4. Methods for downloading appliance software release updates
      1.  
        Downloading software updates directly to a NetBackup appliance
      2.  
        Downloading software updates to a NetBackup appliance using a client share
    5.  
      Installing a NetBackup Virtual Appliance software update using the NetBackup Virtual Appliance Shell Menu
    6.  
      Troubleshooting upgrade issues
  14. NetBackup client upgrades with VxUpdate
    1.  
      About VxUpdate
    2.  
      VxUpdate repository management
    3.  
      Deployment policy management
    4.  
      Manually initiating upgrades from the master server using VxUpdate
    5.  
      Manually initiating upgrades from the client using VxUpdate
    6.  
      Deployment job status
  15. Appliance restore
    1.  
      About appliance restore
    2.  
      Creating an appliance checkpoint from the appliance shell menu
    3.  
      Rollback to an appliance checkpoint from the appliance shell menu
    4.  
      About NetBackup Virtual Appliance factory reset
    5.  
      Factory reset best practices
    6.  
      How to factory reset the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
  16. Decommissioning and Reconfiguring
    1.  
      About decommissioning a NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    2.  
      Decommissioning a NetBackup Virtual Appliance with the media server role
  17. Troubleshooting
    1.  
      About troubleshooting the NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    2.  
      About contacting Technical Support
    3.  
      Determining the NetBackup Virtual Appliance serial number
    4. About disaster recovery
      1.  
        Recovering a NetBackup appliance master server using NetBackup catalog restore
    5. About NetBackup support utilities
      1.  
        NetBackup Domain Network Analyzer (NBDNA)
      2.  
        NetBackup Support Utility (NBSU)
    6.  
      Troubleshooting NetBackup Virtual Appliance initial deployment issues
    7.  
      Error messages displayed on the NetBackup Virtual Appliance Shell Menu
    8.  
      NetBackup status codes applicable for NetBackup Virtual Appliance
    9.  
      Installing an EEB
    10.  
      Rolling back an EEB using the NetBackup Virtual Appliance Shell Menu
  18. Appliance logging
    1.  
      About NetBackup Virtual Appliance log files
    2.  
      Viewing log files using the Support command
    3.  
      Where to find NetBackup Virtual Appliance log files using the Browse command
    4.  
      Enabling and disabling VxMS logging
    5.  
      Gathering device logs on a NetBackup virtual appliance
    6. About forwarding logs to an external server
      1.  
        Uploading certificates for TLS
      2.  
        Enabling log forwarding
      3.  
        Changing the log forwarding interval
      4.  
        Viewing the log forwarding configuration
      5.  
        Disabling log forwarding
  19. Commands overview
    1.  
      About the NetBackup Virtual Appliance Shell Menu
    2.  
      Logging on to the NetBackup Virtual Appliance Shell Menu
    3.  
      Using the NetBackup Virtual Appliance Shell Menu
    4.  
      About the NetBackup Virtual Appliance Shell Menu command views
  20. Appendix A. Appliance commands
    1.  
      Appliance > Master
    2.  
      Appliance > Media
    3.  
      Appliance > ShowDedupPassword
    4.  
      Appliance > Status
    5.  
      Appliance > Configure
  21. Appendix B. Manage commands
    1.  
      Manage > Software > Delete
    2.  
      Manage > Software > Download
    3.  
      Manage > Software > List
    4.  
      Manage > Software > Install
    5.  
      Manage > Software > Share
    6.  
      Manage > Software > Readme
    7.  
      Manage > Software > Rollback
    8.  
      Manage > Software > Cancel
    9.  
      Manage > Software > DownloadProgress
    10.  
      Manage > Software > UpgradeStatus
    11.  
      Manage > Software > VxUpdate
    12.  
      Manage > Storage > Show
    13.  
      Manage > Storage > Add
    14.  
      Manage > Storage > Create
    15.  
      Manage > Storage > Delete
    16.  
      Manage > Storage > Edit
    17.  
      Manage > Storage > Monitor
    18.  
      Manage > Storage > Move
    19.  
      Manage > Storage > Remove
    20.  
      Manage > Storage > Resize
    21.  
      Manage > Storage > Scan
    22.  
      Manage > OpenStorage > Install
    23.  
      Manage > OpenStorage > List
    24.  
      Manage > OpenStorage > Readme
    25.  
      Manage > OpenStorage > Share
    26.  
      Manage > OpenStorage > Uninstall
    27.  
      Manage > MountPoints > List
    28.  
      Manage > MountPoints > Mount
    29.  
      Manage > MountPoints > Unmount
    30.  
      Manage > License > Add
    31.  
      Manage > License > List
    32.  
      Manage > License > ListInfo
    33.  
      Manage > License > Remove
    34.  
      Manage > Certificates > Generate
    35.  
      Manage > Certificates > Delete
    36.  
      Manage > NetBackupCLI > Create
    37.  
      Manage > NetBackupCLI > Delete
    38.  
      Manage > NetBackupCLI > List
    39.  
      Manage > NetBackupCLI > PasswordExpiry
  22. Appendix C. Monitor commands
    1.  
      Monitor > Uptime
    2.  
      Monitor > Who
    3.  
      Monitor > NetworkStatus
    4.  
      Monitor > Top
    5.  
      Monitor > MemoryStatus
    6.  
      Monitor > SDCS
    7.  
      Monitor > NetBackup
    8.  
      Monitor > Hardware
  23. Appendix D. Network commands
    1.  
      Network > Configure
    2.  
      Network > Date
    3.  
      Network > DNS
    4.  
      Network > Gateway
    5.  
      Network > Hostname
    6.  
      Network > Hosts
    7.  
      Network > IPv4
    8.  
      Network > IPv6
    9.  
      Network > LinkAggregation
    10.  
      Network > NetStat
    11.  
      Network > NTPServer
    12.  
      Network > Ping
    13.  
      Network > SetProperty
    14.  
      Network > Show
    15.  
      Network > TimeZone
    16.  
      Network > TraceRoute
    17.  
      Network > Unconfigure
    18.  
      Network > WANOptimization
  24. Appendix E. Reports commands
    1.  
      Reports > Deduplication
    2.  
      Reports > Process
  25. Appendix F. Settings commands
    1.  
      Settings > Deduplication
    2.  
      Settings > LifeCycle
    3.  
      Settings > LogForwarding
    4.  
      Settings > NetBackup
    5.  
      Settings > Password
    6.  
      Settings > SystemLocale
    7.  
      Settings > Share
    8.  
      Settings > Sysctl
    9.  
      Settings > NetBackup DNAT
    10.  
      Settings > NetBackup NATServers
    11.  
      Settings > Notifications > LoginBanner
    12.  
      Settings > Security > Authentication > LDAP
    13.  
      Settings > Security > Authentication > ActiveDirectory
    14.  
      Settings > Security > Authentication > Kerberos
    15.  
      Settings > Security > Authentication > LocalUser
    16.  
      Settings > Security > Authorization
    17.  
      Main > Settings > Security > Certificate
    18.  
      Main > Settings > Security > STIG
    19.  
      Main > Settings > Security > FIPS
    20.  
      Settings > Alerts > CallHome
    21.  
      Settings > Alerts > SNMP
    22.  
      Settings > Alerts > Email
    23.  
      Settings > Alerts > Hardware
  26. Appendix G. Support commands
    1.  
      Support > Checkpoint
    2.  
      Support > DataCollect
    3.  
      Support > Disk
    4.  
      Support > Errors
    5.  
      Support > FactoryReset
    6.  
      Support > InfraServices
    7.  
      Support > iostat
    8.  
      Support > LogBrowser
    9.  
      Support > Logs
    10.  
      Support > Maintenance
    11.  
      Support > Messages
    12.  
      Support > NBDNA
    13.  
      Support > nbperfchk
    14.  
      Support > NBSU
    15.  
      Support > Processes
    16.  
      Support > Reboot
    17.  
      Support > Service
    18.  
      Support > Shutdown
    19.  
      Support > Storage SanityCheck
    20.  
      Support > Storage Reset
    21.  
      Support > Test

Name

Main > Support > nbperfchk — Measures a disk array's read and write speeds.

SYNOPSIS

nbperfchk -i inputpath -o outputpath [-s filesize] [-syncend] [-bs buffersize]

DESCRIPTION

The nbperfchk command measures the read speed and write speed of a disk array. You can use this command to test the read speed and the write speed of the disks that host deduplicated data. For example, you can measure the speeds of the disks that host deduplicated data as follows:

  • In a PureDisk storage pool, use this command to measure the speed of disks attached to the content router.

  • In a NetBackup media server deduplication pool (MSDP), use this command to measure the speed of the disks attached to the media server. The media server can be running any operating system that Veritas supports for media servers and MSDPs.

Note:

Veritas recommends that you work with a Veritas Technical Support staff member when you run this command and interpret its results. Veritas recommends a minimum disk performance level of 130 MB/sec for deduplicated read and write operations.

The nbperfchk command is functionally equivalent to the obsolete camel command that was available from Veritas as a downloadable program but was not associated with any specific product release. The camel command is available internally from the Veritas Technical Support website as HOWTO47457.

The nbperfchk utility enables you to write a test file to a disk, read back that test file, and observe the read speeds attained during the read operation. You can use the results from nbperfchk to make sure that the ReadBufferSize parameter is set appropriately in your backup environment. The ReadBufferSize parameter resides in the [CRDataStore] section of the contentrouter.cfg file. You can use this command as follows:

  • Use the following command to write data to the disks:

    nbperfchk -i inputpath -o outputpath -s filesize -syncend

  • Use the following command to read data from the disks:

    nbperfchk -i inputpath -o outputpath -bs buffersize

OPTIONS

-i inputpath

For inputpath, specify the full path to an input file. The nbperfchk command reads this file and generates information about the read speed when this file is read to disk.

For example, you can specify the following to read in a file that contains all zero characters (0x00) from the /dev/zero:

-o outputpath

For outputpath, specify the full path to an output file. The nbperfchk command creates this file.

For example, on writes, specify the path to the output file that you want to create. On reads, specify -o NUL to discard all the output as it is generated.

-s filesize

For filesize, specify a file size that is equal to or larger than than combined memory size of your computer plus the amount in the disk array. A file of this size ensures that the data is written to disk and not to a buffer.

-syncend

The syncend parameter flushes the buffer and writes all data to disk.

-bs buffersize

For buffersize, specify the read buffer size to use when nbperfchk runs. For example, 64k or 128k.

PROCEDURES

To analyze nbperfchk results and adjust the ReadBufferSize parameter setting

  1. Log in as the root user (UNIX) or the administrator (Windows) on the computer that hosts the content router.

    In PureDisk environments, log into the storage pool authority node or storage pool authority appliance.

    In NetBackup environments, log into the media server.

  2. Change to a test directory.
  3. Type the nbperfchk command in the following format to write a large test file to the content router:
    nbperfchk -i inputpath -o outputpath -s filesize -syncend

    For example, the following command writes a 64 GB data file that contains all zeros to the e drive:

    nbperfchk -i zero: -o e:\data1 -s 64g -syncend
    
  4. Type the nbperfchk command in the following format to read the test file and observe the read speeds in the nbperfchk output:
    nbperfchk -i inputpath -o NUL -bs buffersize

    Example 1. To observe several read speeds with several buffer sizes, type the following series of commands:

    nbperfchk -i e:\data1 -bs 64k -o NUL
    nbperfchk -i e:\data1 -bs 128k -o NUL
    nbperfchk -i e:\data1 -bs 256k -o NUL

    Example 2. The following nbperfchk command reads back the data in file data1 and uses a buffer size of 1024 K:

    C:\Users\administrator.mymediaserver\Desktop>nbperfchk -i e:\data1 -bs 1024k -o NUL
         195 MB @   65.3 MB/sec,      194 MB @   64.9 MB/sec
         295 MB @   49.4 MB/sec,      100 MB @   33.5 MB/sec
         403 MB @   44.8 MB/sec,      108 MB @   35.8 MB/sec
         505 MB @   42.1 MB/sec,      102 MB @   34.1 MB/sec
         599 MB @   40.0 MB/sec,       94 MB @   31.3 MB/sec
         705 MB @   39.2 MB/sec,      106 MB @   35.5 MB/sec
         821 MB @   39.2 MB/sec,      116 MB @   38.8 MB/sec
         943 MB @   39.4 MB/sec,      122 MB @   40.8 MB/sec
        1024 MB @   40.1 MB/sec

    Observe the following when you analyze the data:

    • The left two columns show the amount of data read and the average read speed.

    • The final line shows the overall read speed. This is the most important line in this output because it shows you how fast the total read occurred with the buffer size you specified.

    • The right two columns show the average read speed in the last 3 seconds of each read. Unless these numbers vary drastically from read to read, you can disregard the right two columns.

  5. Analyze your read speeds and adjust the ReadBufferSize parameter if necessary.

    Your operating system, your disk speeds, and the ReadBufferSize parameter setting all affect restore and rehydration performance.

    Veritas recommends that you type several nbperfchk commands and increase the size of the argument to the -bs parameter each time. Example 1 in step 4 shows this method. If you can enter ever-increasing arguments to the -bs parameter, you can probably increase the size of the ReadBufferSize parameter in the [CRDataStore] section of the contentrouter.cfg file.

    By default, ReadBufferSize=65536, which is 64K. Veritas testing shows that ReadBufferSize=1048576, which is 1024 X 1024, or 1M, offers good performance on most Windows systems. On most UNIX systems, Veritas testing shows that ReadBufferSize=65536 (the default) offers good performance.

    For information about how to edit NetBackup configuration files, see your NetBackup documentation.

    For information about how to edit PureDisk configuration files, see the PureDisk Administrator's Guide.