Storage Foundation and High Availability 7.4.2 Configuration and Upgrade Guide - AIX

Last Published:
Product(s): InfoScale & Storage Foundation (7.4.2)
Platform: AIX
  1. Section I. Introduction to SFHA
    1. Introducing Storage Foundation and High Availability
      1. About Storage Foundation High Availability
        1.  
          About Veritas Replicator Option
      2.  
        About Veritas InfoScale Operations Manager
      3. About Storage Foundation and High Availability features
        1.  
          About LLT and GAB
        2.  
          About I/O fencing
        3.  
          About global clusters
      4.  
        About Veritas Services and Operations Readiness Tools (SORT)
      5. About configuring SFHA clusters for data integrity
        1.  
          About I/O fencing for SFHA in virtual machines that do not support SCSI-3 PR
        2. About I/O fencing components
          1.  
            About data disks
          2.  
            About coordination points
          3.  
            About preferred fencing
  2. Section II. Configuration of SFHA
    1. Preparing to configure
      1. I/O fencing requirements
        1.  
          Coordinator disk requirements for I/O fencing
        2.  
          CP server requirements
        3.  
          Non-SCSI-3 I/O fencing requirements
    2. Preparing to configure SFHA clusters for data integrity
      1. About planning to configure I/O fencing
        1.  
          Typical SFHA cluster configuration with server-based I/O fencing
        2.  
          Recommended CP server configurations
      2. Setting up the CP server
        1.  
          Planning your CP server setup
        2.  
          Installing the CP server using the installer
        3.  
          Configuring the CP server cluster in secure mode
        4.  
          Setting up shared storage for the CP server database
        5.  
          Configuring the CP server using the installer program
        6. Configuring the CP server manually
          1.  
            Configuring the CP server manually for HTTPS-based communication
          2.  
            Generating the key and certificates manually for the CP server
          3.  
            Completing the CP server configuration
        7. Configuring CP server using response files
          1.  
            Response file variables to configure CP server
          2.  
            Sample response file for configuring the CP server on single node VCS cluster
          3.  
            Sample response file for configuring the CP server on SFHA cluster
        8.  
          Verifying the CP server configuration
    3. Configuring SFHA
      1. Configuring Storage Foundation High Availability using the installer
        1.  
          Overview of tasks to configure SFHA using the product installer
        2.  
          Required information for configuring Storage Foundation and High Availability Solutions
        3.  
          Starting the software configuration
        4.  
          Specifying systems for configuration
        5.  
          Configuring the cluster name
        6.  
          Configuring private heartbeat links
        7.  
          Configuring the virtual IP of the cluster
        8.  
          Configuring SFHA in secure mode
        9. Configuring a secure cluster node by node
          1.  
            Configuring the first node
          2.  
            Configuring the remaining nodes
          3.  
            Completing the secure cluster configuration
        10.  
          Adding VCS users
        11.  
          Configuring SMTP email notification
        12.  
          Configuring SNMP trap notification
        13.  
          Configuring global clusters
        14.  
          Completing the SFHA configuration
        15.  
          About Veritas License Audit Tool
        16. Verifying and updating licenses on the system
          1.  
            Checking licensing information on the system
          2.  
            Replacing a SFHA keyless license with another keyless license
          3.  
            Replacing a SFHA keyless license with a permanent license
      2.  
        Configuring SFDB
    4. Configuring SFHA clusters for data integrity
      1. Setting up disk-based I/O fencing using installer
        1.  
          Initializing disks as VxVM disks
        2. Checking shared disks for I/O fencing
          1.  
            Verifying Array Support Library (ASL)
          2.  
            Verifying that the nodes have access to the same disk
          3.  
            Testing the disks using vxfentsthdw utility
        3.  
          Configuring disk-based I/O fencing using installer
        4.  
          Refreshing keys or registrations on the existing coordination points for disk-based fencing using the installer
      2. Setting up server-based I/O fencing using installer
        1.  
          Refreshing keys or registrations on the existing coordination points for server-based fencing using the installer
        2. Setting the order of existing coordination points for server-based fencing using the installer
          1.  
            About deciding the order of existing coordination points
          2.  
            Setting the order of existing coordination points using the installer
      3.  
        Setting up non-SCSI-3 I/O fencing in virtual environments using installer
      4.  
        Setting up majority-based I/O fencing using installer
      5.  
        Enabling or disabling the preferred fencing policy
    5. Manually configuring SFHA clusters for data integrity
      1. Setting up disk-based I/O fencing manually
        1.  
          Removing permissions for communication
        2.  
          Identifying disks to use as coordinator disks
        3.  
          Setting up coordinator disk groups
        4.  
          Creating I/O fencing configuration files
        5.  
          Modifying VCS configuration to use I/O fencing
        6.  
          Verifying I/O fencing configuration
      2. Setting up server-based I/O fencing manually
        1.  
          Preparing the CP servers manually for use by the SFHA cluster
        2.  
          Generating the client key and certificates manually on the client nodes
        3. Configuring server-based fencing on the SFHA cluster manually
          1.  
            Sample vxfenmode file output for server-based fencing
        4.  
          Configuring CoordPoint agent to monitor coordination points
        5.  
          Verifying server-based I/O fencing configuration
      3. Setting up non-SCSI-3 fencing in virtual environments manually
        1.  
          Sample /etc/vxfenmode file for non-SCSI-3 fencing
      4. Setting up majority-based I/O fencing manually
        1.  
          Creating I/O fencing configuration files
        2.  
          Modifying VCS configuration to use I/O fencing
        3.  
          Verifying I/O fencing configuration
    6. Performing an automated SFHA configuration using response files
      1.  
        Configuring SFHA using response files
      2.  
        Response file variables to configure SFHA
      3.  
        Sample response file for SFHA configuration
    7. Performing an automated I/O fencing configuration using response files
      1.  
        Configuring I/O fencing using response files
      2.  
        Response file variables to configure disk-based I/O fencing
      3.  
        Sample response file for configuring disk-based I/O fencing
      4. Response file variables to configure server-based I/O fencing
        1.  
          Sample response file for configuring server-based I/O fencing
      5.  
        Sample response file for configuring non-SCSI-3 I/O fencing
      6.  
        Response file variables to configure non-SCSI-3 I/O fencing
      7.  
        Response file variables to configure majority-based I/O fencing
      8.  
        Sample response file for configuring majority-based I/O fencing
  3. Section III. Upgrade of SFHA
    1. Planning to upgrade SFHA
      1.  
        About the upgrade
      2.  
        Supported upgrade paths
      3.  
        Considerations for upgrading SFHA to 7.4.2 on systems configured with an Oracle resource
      4. Preparing to upgrade SFHA
        1.  
          Getting ready for the upgrade
        2.  
          Preparing for an upgrade of Storage Foundation and High Availability
        3.  
          Creating backups
        4. Pre-upgrade planning when VVR is configured
          1.  
            Considerations for upgrading SFHA to 7.4 or later on systems with an ongoing or a paused replication
          2. Planning an upgrade from the previous VVR version
            1.  
              Planning and upgrading VVR to use IPv6 as connection protocol
        5. Preparing to upgrade VVR when VCS agents are configured
          1. Freezing the service groups and stopping all the applications
            1.  
              Determining the nodes on which disk groups are online
          2.  
            Preparing for the upgrade when VCS agents are configured
        6.  
          Verifying that the file systems are clean
        7.  
          Upgrading the array support
      5.  
        Using Install Bundles to simultaneously install or upgrade full releases (base, maintenance, rolling patch), and individual patches
    2. Upgrading Storage Foundation and High Availability
      1.  
        Upgrading Storage Foundation and High Availability with the product installer
      2. Upgrade Storage Foundation and High Availability and AIX on a DMP-enabled rootvg
        1.  
          Upgrading from prior version of SFHA on AIX 7.1 to SFHA 7.4.2 on a DMP-enabled rootvg
        2.  
          Upgrading the operating system from AIX 7.1 to AIX 7.2 in Veritas InfoScale 7.4.2
      3.  
        Upgrading the AIX operating system
      4. Upgrading Volume Replicator
        1. Upgrading VVR without disrupting replication
          1.  
            Upgrading VVR on the Secondary
          2.  
            Upgrading VVR on the Primary
      5.  
        Upgrading SFDB
    3. Performing a rolling upgrade of SFHA
      1.  
        About rolling upgrade
      2.  
        Performing a rolling upgrade using the product installer
    4. Performing a phased upgrade of SFHA
      1. About phased upgrade
        1.  
          Prerequisites for a phased upgrade
        2.  
          Planning for a phased upgrade
        3.  
          Phased upgrade limitations
        4.  
          Phased upgrade example
        5.  
          Phased upgrade example overview
      2. Performing a phased upgrade using the product installer
        1.  
          Moving the service groups to the second subcluster
        2.  
          Upgrading the operating system on the first subcluster
        3.  
          Upgrading the first subcluster
        4.  
          Preparing the second subcluster
        5.  
          Activating the first subcluster
        6.  
          Upgrading the operating system on the second subcluster
        7.  
          Upgrading the second subcluster
        8.  
          Finishing the phased upgrade
    5. Performing an automated SFHA upgrade using response files
      1.  
        Upgrading SFHA using response files
      2.  
        Response file variables to upgrade SFHA
      3.  
        Sample response file for full upgrade of SFHA
      4.  
        Sample response file for rolling upgrade of SFHA
    6. Performing post-upgrade tasks
      1.  
        Optional configuration steps
      2.  
        Recovering VVR if automatic upgrade fails
      3. Post-upgrade tasks when VCS agents for VVR are configured
        1.  
          Unfreezing the service groups
        2.  
          Restoring the original configuration when VCS agents are configured
        3.  
          CVM master node needs to assume the logowner role for VCS managed VVR resources
      4.  
        Resetting DAS disk names to include host name in FSS environments
      5.  
        Upgrading disk layout versions
      6.  
        Upgrading VxVM disk group versions
      7.  
        Updating variables
      8.  
        Setting the default disk group
      9. About enabling LDAP authentication for clusters that run in secure mode
        1.  
          Enabling LDAP authentication for clusters that run in secure mode
      10.  
        Verifying the Storage Foundation and High Availability upgrade
  4. Section IV. Post-installation tasks
    1. Performing post-installation tasks
      1.  
        Switching on Quotas
      2. About configuring authentication for SFDB tools
        1.  
          Configuring vxdbd for SFDB tools authentication
  5. Section V. Adding and removing nodes
    1. Adding a node to SFHA clusters
      1.  
        About adding a node to a cluster
      2.  
        Before adding a node to a cluster
      3.  
        Adding a node to a cluster using the Veritas InfoScale installer
      4. Adding the node to a cluster manually
        1.  
          Starting Veritas Volume Manager (VxVM) on the new node
        2.  
          Configuring cluster processes on the new node
        3. Setting up the node to run in secure mode
          1.  
            Setting up SFHA related security configuration
        4.  
          Starting fencing on the new node
        5.  
          Configuring the ClusterService group for the new node
      5. Adding a node using response files
        1.  
          Response file variables to add a node to a SFHA cluster
        2.  
          Sample response file for adding a node to a SFHA cluster
      6. Configuring server-based fencing on the new node
        1.  
          Adding the new node to the vxfen service group
      7.  
        After adding the new node
      8.  
        Adding nodes to a cluster that is using authentication for SFDB tools
      9.  
        Updating the Storage Foundation for Databases (SFDB) repository after adding a node
    2. Removing a node from SFHA clusters
      1. Removing a node from a SFHA cluster
        1.  
          Verifying the status of nodes and service groups
        2.  
          Deleting the departing node from SFHA configuration
        3.  
          Modifying configuration files on each remaining node
        4.  
          Removing the node configuration from the CP server
        5.  
          Removing security credentials from the leaving node
        6.  
          Unloading LLT and GAB and removing Veritas InfoScale Availability or Enterprise on the departing node
        7.  
          Updating the Storage Foundation for Databases (SFDB) repository after removing a node
  6. Section VI. Configuration and upgrade reference
    1. Appendix A. Support for AIX Live Update
      1.  
        Support for AIX Live Update (Technology preview)
    2. Appendix B. Installation scripts
      1.  
        Installation script options
      2.  
        About using the postcheck option
    3. Appendix C. SFHA services and ports
      1.  
        About InfoScale Enterprise services and ports
    4. Appendix D. Configuration files
      1.  
        About the LLT and GAB configuration files
      2.  
        About the AMF configuration files
      3. About the VCS configuration files
        1.  
          Sample main.cf file for VCS clusters
        2.  
          Sample main.cf file for global clusters
      4.  
        About I/O fencing configuration files
      5. Sample configuration files for CP server
        1.  
          Sample main.cf file for CP server hosted on a single node that runs VCS
        2.  
          Sample main.cf file for CP server hosted on a two-node SFHA cluster
        3.  
          Sample CP server configuration (/etc/vxcps.conf) file output
    5. Appendix E. Configuring the secure shell or the remote shell for communications
      1.  
        About configuring secure shell or remote shell communication modes before installing products
      2.  
        Manually configuring passwordless ssh
      3.  
        Setting up ssh and rsh connection using the installer -comsetup command
      4.  
        Setting up ssh and rsh connection using the pwdutil.pl utility
      5.  
        Restarting the ssh session
      6.  
        Enabling rsh for AIX
    6. Appendix F. Sample SFHA cluster setup diagrams for CP server-based I/O fencing
      1. Configuration diagrams for setting up server-based I/O fencing
        1.  
          Two unique client clusters served by 3 CP servers
        2.  
          Client cluster served by highly available CPS and 2 SCSI-3 disks
        3.  
          Two node campus cluster served by remote CP server and 2 SCSI-3 disks
        4.  
          Multiple client clusters served by highly available CP server and 2 SCSI-3 disks
    7. Appendix G. Changing NFS server major numbers for VxVM volumes
      1.  
        Changing NFS server major numbers for VxVM volumes
    8. Appendix H. Configuring LLT over UDP
      1. Using the UDP layer for LLT
        1.  
          When to use LLT over UDP
      2. Manually configuring LLT over UDP using IPv4
        1.  
          Broadcast address in the /etc/llttab file
        2.  
          The link command in the /etc/llttab file
        3.  
          The set-addr command in the /etc/llttab file
        4.  
          Selecting UDP ports
        5.  
          Configuring the netmask for LLT
        6.  
          Configuring the broadcast address for LLT
        7.  
          Sample configuration: direct-attached links
        8.  
          Sample configuration: links crossing IP routers
      3. Using the UDP layer of IPv6 for LLT
        1.  
          When to use LLT over UDP
      4. Manually configuring LLT over UDP using IPv6
        1.  
          Sample configuration: direct-attached links
        2.  
          Sample configuration: links crossing IP routers

Sample response file for configuring server-based I/O fencing

The following is a sample response file used for server-based I/O fencing:

$CFG{fencing_config_cpagent}=0;
$CFG{fencing_cps}=[ qw(10.200.117.145) ];
$CFG{fencing_cps_vips}{"10.200.117.145"}=[ qw(10.200.117.145) ];
$CFG{fencing_dgname}="vxfencoorddg";
$CFG{fencing_disks}=[ qw(emc_clariion0_37 emc_clariion0_12) ];
$CFG{fencing_ncp}=3;
$CFG{fencing_ndisks}=2;
$CFG{fencing_cps_ports}{"10.200.117.145"}=443;
$CFG{fencing_reusedg}=1;
$CFG{opt}{configure}=1;
$CFG{opt}{fencing}=1;
$CFG{prod}="ENTERPRISE7.4.2";
$CFG{systems}=[ qw(sys1 sys2) ];
$CFG{vcs_clusterid}=1256;
$CFG{vcs_clustername}="clus1";
$CFG{fencing_option}=1;