Backup Exec 20.4 Administrator's Guide
- Introducing Backup Exec
- Methods for installing the Agent for Windows
- Using a command prompt to install the Agent for Windows on a remote computer
- Using a command script to install the Agent for Windows
- Installing the Remote Administrator
- Installing Backup Exec using the command line (silent mode)
- Backup Exec license contract information
- About upgrading to Backup Exec
- Getting Started
- Backing up data
- How Backup Exec catalogs work
- Job management and monitoring
- About the Job Monitor
- About the Job History
- Viewing the job log
- Error-handling rules for failed or canceled jobs
- Alerts and notifications
- Enabling active alerts and alert history to display on the Home tab
- Adding a recipient group for alert notifications
- Sending a notification when a job completes
- SNMP traps for Backup Exec alerts
- Disk-based and network-based storage
- Configuring disk storage
- Configuring disk cartridge storage
- Backup sets
- Cloud-based storage devices
- Amazon S3 cloud-based storage
- Google cloud-based storage
- Microsoft Azure cloud-based storage
- Private cloud-based storage
- About S3-Compatible Cloud Storage
- About the Backup Exec™ CloudConnect Optimizer
- Legacy backup-to-disk folders
- Legacy backup-to-disk folders
- Legacy backup-to-disk folders
- Tape storage
- Robotic libraries in Backup Exec
- Creating robotic library partitions
- Managing tapes
- Creating media sets for tapes
- Labeling tape media
- Default media vaults
- Storage device pools
- Storage operations
- Conversion to virtual machines
- Configuration and settings
- Changing network and security options for Backup Exec
- Using Backup Exec with firewalls
- Deleting DBA-initiated job templates
- Backup Exec logon accounts
- Creating a custom report
- List of Backup Exec standard reports
- Instant Cloud Recovery
- Preconfigurations to be completed in the Azure portal
- GDPR Guard
- Troubleshooting Backup Exec
- Troubleshooting failed components in the SAN
- Generating a diagnostic file for troubleshooting Backup Exec
- Using Backup Exec in cluster environments
- Configurations for Backup Exec and Microsoft Cluster Servers
- Disaster recovery of a cluster
- Simplified Disaster Recovery
- Setting or changing the alternate location for the disaster recovery information file
- Creating a Simplified Disaster Recovery disk image
- Preparing to recover from a disaster by using Simplified Disaster Recovery
- Recovering a computer with Simplified Disaster Recovery
- Performing manual disaster recovery
- Integration with Veritas™ Information Map
- Appendix A. Backup Exec Agent for Windows
- About the Backup Exec Agent Utility for Windows
- Appendix B. Backup Exec Deduplication Feature
- Creating or importing deduplication disk storage
- Selecting storage devices for direct access sharing
- Appendix C. Backup Exec Agent for VMware
- About establishing trust for a vCenter/ESX(i) server
- Backing up VMware virtual machines
- About instant recovery of a VMware virtual machine
- About Recovery Ready for VMware virtual machines
- Appendix D. Backup Exec Agent for Microsoft Hyper-V
- Backing up Microsoft Hyper-V virtual machines
- About instant recovery of a Hyper-V virtual machine
- About Recovery Ready for Hyper-V virtual machines
- Appendix E. Backup Exec Agent for Microsoft SQL Server
- Backing up SQL databases and transaction logs
- Restoring SQL databases and transaction logs
- Disaster recovery of a SQL Server
- Appendix F. Backup Exec Agent for Microsoft Exchange Server
- Backing up Exchange data
- Appendix G. Backup Exec Agent for Microsoft SharePoint
- Backing up Microsoft SharePoint data
- Appendix H. Backup Exec Agent for Oracle on Windows or Linux Servers
- Configuring the Oracle Agent on Windows computers and Linux servers
- Configuring an Oracle instance on Windows computers
- Viewing an Oracle instance on Windows computers
- About authentication credentials on the Backup Exec server
- About backing up Oracle databases
- About restoring Oracle resources
- Appendix I. Backup Exec Agent for Enterprise Vault
- About backup methods for Enterprise Vault backup jobs
- Restoring Enterprise Vault
- About the Backup Exec Migrator for Enterprise Vault
- Configuring the Backup Exec Migrator
- Configuring Enterprise Vault collections
- Configuring the Backup Exec Migrator to communicate with Enterprise Vault
- About retrieving migrated Enterprise Vault data
- About the Partition Recovery Utility
- Appendix J. Backup Exec Agent for Microsoft Active Directory
- About backing up Active Directory and ADAM/AD LDS
- Appendix K. Backup Exec Central Admin Server Feature
- About installing the Central Admin Server feature
- What happens when CAS communication thresholds are reached
- About job delegation in CAS
- How to use Backup Exec server pools in CAS
- How centralized restore works in CAS
- Appendix L. Backup Exec Advanced Disk-based Backup Feature
- Appendix M. Backup Exec NDMP Feature
- About restoring and redirecting restore data for NDMP servers
- Viewing the properties of an NDMP server
- Viewing storage properties for an NDMP server
- Appendix N. Backup Exec Agent for Linux
- About installing the Agent for Linux
- About establishing trust for a remote Linux computer in the Backup Exec list of servers
- Editing configuration options for Linux computers
- About backing up a Linux computer by using the Agent for Linux
- About restoring data to Linux computers
- Editing the default backup job options for Linux computers
- Uninstalling the Agent for Linux
- Appendix O. Backup Exec Remote Media Agent for Linux
- About installing the Remote Media Agent for Linux
- About establishing trust for a Remote Media Agent for Linux computer in the Backup Exec list of servers
- About the Backup Exec operators (beoper) group for the Remote Media Agent for Linux
- About adding a Linux server as a Remote Media Agent for Linux
- Editing properties for the Remote Media Agent for Linux
- Creating a simulated tape library
- Viewing simulated tape libraries properties
- Appendix P. Accessibility and Backup Exec
- About keyboard shortcuts in Backup Exec
- Backup and Restore tab keyboard shortcuts
- Storage tab keyboard shortcuts
About the Agent for Microsoft Hyper-V
The Backup Exec Agent for Microsoft Hyper-V (Agent for Hyper-V) lets you back up and restore the following resources:
Hyper-V hosts that run on supported versions of Microsoft Windows.
You can find a list of supported operating systems, platforms, and applications in the Backup Exec Software Compatibility List.
All virtual machines that reside locally on the Hyper-V hosts.
Clustered Hyper-V hosts, including the virtual machines that reside on cluster shared volumes (CSV).
The virtual machines that have their disks hosted on Server message block (SMB).
The virtual machines that have their disks hosted on Scale-Out File Server.
The Hyper-V agent allows backup using three processing methods:
The Resilient Change Tracking (RCT) method: This method is available for the virtual machines that are hosted on Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2016 or later and have configuration version of 8.0 or later. RCT is a native Microsoft Hyper-V mechanism for tracking changed blocks in the virtual hard disks of a virtual machine. During backup, Backup Exec requests Microsoft Hyper-V to create a checkpoint for the selected virtual machine. The backup is done for this checkpoint.
After the virtual machine backup, before the checkpoint is merged with the base virtual machine disk, Hyper-V converts the checkpoint to a reference point. The reference point represents the point-in-time view of the virtual machine disk state.
During the incremental backup of the same virtual machine, Backup Exec creates a new checkpoint and uses it as a source for the backup. Backup Exec queries Hyper-V to get the incremental changes between the reference point created during the previous run and the checkpoint created during the current run of the backup job. Only the changed data blocks are backed up from the created checkpoint.
Backup Exec supports both incremental backup and differential backup using the RCT method.
The standard processing method: This method reads the whole virtual disk and identifies the changes that should be backed up. The changed blocks that are identified are then backed up. Backup Exec supports both incremental backup and differential backup using this method.
The faster processing method: This method is faster than the standard processing method because it writes all changes to a new differencing disk that is backed up. Backup Exec supports only incremental backup using this method. To configure Hyper-V incremental and differential backup settings please refer to the 'Configuring default backup settings' section.
For a new installation of Backup Exec, the RCT method and the Standard processing method are selected by default.
For an upgrade install, the settings remain unchanged and the RCT method is not selected. The existing method that you select (standard or faster processing method) is not changed. When Backup Exec runs a backup for a virtual machine using the Hyper-V agent, following are the considerations to decide the method to use.
The Hyper-V version is Microsoft Windows Server 2016 or later and the selected virtual machine has configuration version 8.0 or later: Backup Exec attempts to use the RCT method if the RCT method is selected in Backup Exec Settings. If the RCT method is not selected, Backup Exec uses one of the selected methods (standard processing or faster processing).
If the Hyper-V version is Windows Server 2012 R2 or earlier, the RCT method is not supported. Backup Exec uses one of the selected methods between standard or faster processing.
Backup Exec can back up the virtual machines that are online or that are in an offline state or a saved state. The virtual machines that use Hyper-V Integration Services can be backed up while they are online. You can include both online and offline virtual machines in the same backup job. During the backup of an online virtual machine, Backup Exec takes a snapshot backup of the Hyper-V host. The host in turn takes a snapshot of the virtual machines on the host. This process enables Backup Exec to back up virtual servers without any downtime. If an online backup cannot be performed and the optionis selected for the backup job, then an offline backup is performed. With an offline backup, the virtual machine is placed briefly in a saved state. However, the virtual machine does not remain in the saved state for the entire backup job.
The amount of downtime for a saved state backup job depends on the following:
The amount of memory that is allocated to the virtual machine.
The current load on the host's operating system.
For information about the best practices to use Backup Exec Agent for Microsoft Hyper-V, refer to Backup Exec Best Practices.