Veritas NetBackup™ Deduplication Guide

Last Published:
Product(s): NetBackup (8.3)
Platform: Linux,UNIX,Windows
  1. Introducing the NetBackup media server deduplication option
    1.  
      About the NetBackup deduplication options
  2. Planning your deployment
    1.  
      Planning your MSDP deployment
    2.  
      NetBackup naming conventions
    3.  
      About MSDP deduplication nodes
    4.  
      About the NetBackup deduplication destinations
    5.  
      About MSDP storage capacity
    6. About MSDP storage and connectivity requirements
      1.  
        Fibre Channel and iSCSI comparison for MSDP
    7. About NetBackup media server deduplication
      1.  
        About MSDP storage servers
      2.  
        About MSDP load balancing servers
      3.  
        About MSDP server requirements
      4.  
        About MSDP unsupported configurations
    8. About NetBackup Client Direct deduplication
      1.  
        About MSDP client deduplication requirements and limitations
    9. About MSDP remote office client deduplication
      1.  
        About MSDP remote client data security
      2.  
        About remote client backup scheduling
    10.  
      About the NetBackup Deduplication Engine credentials
    11.  
      About the network interface for MSDP
    12.  
      About MSDP port usage
    13.  
      About MSDP optimized synthetic backups
    14.  
      About MSDP and SAN Client
    15.  
      About MSDP optimized duplication and replication
    16. About MSDP performance
      1.  
        How file size may affect the MSDP deduplication rate
    17. About MSDP stream handlers
      1.  
        Oracle stream handler
      2.  
        Microsoft SQL Server stream handler
    18. MSDP deployment best practices
      1.  
        Use fully qualified domain names
      2.  
        About scaling MSDP
      3.  
        Send initial full backups to the storage server
      4.  
        Increase the number of MSDP jobs gradually
      5.  
        Introduce MSDP load balancing servers gradually
      6.  
        Implement MSDP client deduplication gradually
      7.  
        Use MSDP compression and encryption
      8.  
        About the optimal number of backup streams for MSDP
      9.  
        About storage unit groups for MSDP
      10.  
        About protecting the MSDP data
      11.  
        Save the MSDP storage server configuration
      12.  
        Plan for disk write caching
  3. Provisioning the storage
    1.  
      About provisioning the storage for MSDP
    2.  
      Do not modify MSDP storage directories and files
    3.  
      About volume management for NetBackup MSDP
  4. Licensing deduplication
    1.  
      About the MSDP license
    2.  
      Licensing NetBackup MSDP
  5. Configuring deduplication
    1.  
      Configuring MSDP server-side deduplication
    2.  
      Configuring MSDP client-side deduplication
    3.  
      About the MSDP Deduplication Multi-Threaded Agent
    4. Configuring the Deduplication Multi-Threaded Agent behavior
      1.  
        MSDP mtstrm.conf file parameters
    5.  
      Configuring deduplication plug-in interaction with the Multi-Threaded Agent
    6.  
      About MSDP fingerprinting
    7.  
      About the MSDP fingerprint cache
    8. Configuring the MSDP fingerprint cache behavior
      1.  
        MSDP fingerprint cache behavior options
    9.  
      About seeding the MSDP fingerprint cache for remote client deduplication
    10.  
      Configuring MSDP fingerprint cache seeding on the client
    11. Configuring MSDP fingerprint cache seeding on the storage server
      1.  
        NetBackup seedutil options
    12.  
      Enabling 250-TB support for MSDP
    13. About MSDP Encryption using NetBackup KMS service
      1.  
        Upgrading KMS for MSDP
    14.  
      About MSDP Encryption using external KMS server
    15. Configuring a storage server for a Media Server Deduplication Pool
      1.  
        MSDP storage path properties
      2.  
        MSDP network interface properties
    16.  
      Configuring a storage server for a PureDisk Deduplication Pool
    17.  
      About disk pools for NetBackup deduplication
    18. Configuring a disk pool for deduplication
      1.  
        Media Server Deduplication Pool properties
    19.  
      Creating the data directories for 250-TB MSDP support
    20.  
      Adding volumes to a 250-TB Media Server Deduplication Pool
    21. Configuring a Media Server Deduplication Pool storage unit
      1.  
        Media Server Deduplication Pool storage unit properties
      2.  
        MSDP storage unit recommendations
    22.  
      Configuring client attributes for MSDP client-side deduplication
    23.  
      Disabling MSDP client-side deduplication for a client
    24.  
      About MSDP compression
    25.  
      About MSDP encryption
    26.  
      MSDP compression and encryption settings matrix
    27.  
      Configuring encryption for MSDP backups
    28.  
      Configuring encryption for MSDP optimized duplication and replication
    29.  
      About the rolling data conversion mechanism for MSDP
    30.  
      Modes of rolling data conversion
    31.  
      MSDP encryption behavior and compatibilities
    32.  
      Configuring optimized synthetic backups for MSDP
    33.  
      About a separate network path for MSDP duplication and replication
    34.  
      Configuring a separate network path for MSDP duplication and replication
    35. About MSDP optimized duplication within the same domain
      1. About the media servers for MSDP optimized duplication within the same domain
        1.  
          About MSDP push duplication within the same domain
        2.  
          About MSDP pull duplication within the same domain
    36. Configuring MSDP optimized duplication within the same NetBackup domain
      1. Configuring NetBackup optimized duplication or replication behavior
        1.  
          Setting NetBackup configuration options by using the command line
    37.  
      About MSDP replication to a different domain
    38. Configuring MSDP replication to a different NetBackup domain
      1. About NetBackup Auto Image Replication
        1.  
          One-to-many Auto Image Replication model
        2.  
          Cascading Auto Image Replication model
        3.  
          About the domain relationship for replication
        4.  
          About the replication topology for Auto Image Replication
        5. Viewing the replication topology for Auto Image Replication
          1.  
            Sample volume properties output for MSDP replication
      2.  
        About trusted master servers for Auto Image Replication
      3.  
        About the certificate to be used for adding a trusted master server
      4.  
        Adding a trusted master server using a NetBackup CA-signed (host ID-based) certificate
      5.  
        Adding a trusted master server using external CA-signed certificate
      6.  
        Removing a trusted master server
      7.  
        Enabling NetBackup clustered master server inter-node authentication
      8.  
        Configuring NetBackup CA and NetBackup host ID-based certificate for secure communication between the source and the target MSDP storage servers
      9.  
        Configuring external CA for secure communication between the source MSDP storage server and the target MSDP storage server
      10. Configuring a target for MSDP replication to a remote domain
        1.  
          Target options for MSDP replication
        2.  
          Configuring a NetBackup Deduplication Engine user with limited permissions for Auto Image Replication
    39.  
      About configuring MSDP optimized duplication and replication bandwidth
    40.  
      About storage lifecycle policies
    41.  
      About the storage lifecycle policies required for Auto Image Replication
    42. Creating a storage lifecycle policy
      1.  
        Storage Lifecycle Policy dialog box settings
    43.  
      About MSDP backup policy configuration
    44.  
      Creating a backup policy
    45. Resilient Network properties
      1.  
        Resilient connection resource usage
    46.  
      Specifying resilient connections
    47.  
      Adding an MSDP load balancing server
    48.  
      About variable-length deduplication on NetBackup clients
    49.  
      About the MSDP pd.conf configuration file
    50. Editing the MSDP pd.conf file
      1.  
        MSDP pd.conf file parameters
    51.  
      About the MSDP contentrouter.cfg file
    52.  
      About saving the MSDP storage server configuration
    53.  
      Saving the MSDP storage server configuration
    54.  
      Editing an MSDP storage server configuration file
    55.  
      Setting the MSDP storage server configuration
    56.  
      About the MSDP host configuration file
    57.  
      Deleting an MSDP host configuration file
    58.  
      Resetting the MSDP registry
    59. About protecting the MSDP catalog
      1.  
        About the MSDP shadow catalog
      2.  
        About the MSDP catalog backup policy
    60.  
      Changing the MSDP shadow catalog path
    61.  
      Changing the MSDP shadow catalog schedule
    62.  
      Changing the number of MSDP catalog shadow copies
    63. Configuring an MSDP catalog backup
      1.  
        MSDP drcontrol options
    64.  
      Updating an MSDP catalog backup policy
    65.  
      About MSDP FIPS compliance
    66.  
      Configuring the NetBackup client-side deduplication to support multiple interfaces of MSDP
    67.  
      About MSDP multi-domain support
    68.  
      About MSDP mutli-domain VLAN Support
  6. Configuring deduplication to the cloud with NetBackup Cloud Catalyst
    1. Using NetBackup Cloud Catalyst to upload deduplicated data to the cloud
      1. Optimized duplication is used to copy data from an MSDP storage server to a Cloud Catalyst storage server (preferred use case)
        1.  
          MSDP storage servers fan-in to a single Cloud Catalyst storage server
      2.  
        Backups go directly to a Cloud Catalyst storage server
    2.  
      Cloud Catalyst requirements and limitations
    3.  
      Configuring a Linux media server as a Cloud Catalyst storage server
    4. Configuring a Cloud Catalyst storage server for deduplication to the cloud
      1.  
        How to configure a NetBackup Cloud Catalyst Appliance
      2.  
        How to configure a Linux media server as a Cloud Catalyst storage server
      3.  
        Configuring a Cloud Catalyst storage server as the target for the deduplications from MSDP storage servers
      4.  
        Certificate validation using Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP)
      5.  
        Managing Cloud Catalyst storage server with IAM Role or CREDS_CAPS credential broker type
      6.  
        Configuring a storage lifecycle policy for NetBackup Cloud Catalyst
    5.  
      About the Cloud Catalyst esfs.json configuration file
    6.  
      About the Cloud Catalyst cache
    7.  
      Controlling data traffic to the cloud when using Cloud Catalyst
    8.  
      Configuring source control or target control optimized duplication for Cloud Catalyst
    9.  
      Configuring a Cloud Catalyst storage server as the source for optimized duplication
    10.  
      Decommissioning Cloud Catalyst cloud storage
    11.  
      NetBackup Cloud Catalyst workflow processes
    12.  
      Disaster recovery for Cloud Catalyst
    13.  
      About image sharing in cloud using Cloud Catalyst
  7. MSDP cloud support
    1. About MSDP cloud support
      1.  
        Operating system requirement for configuration
      2.  
        Limitations
    2.  
      Creating a cloud storage unit
    3.  
      Updating cloud credentials for a cloud LSU
    4.  
      Updating encryption configurations for a cloud LSU
    5.  
      Deleting a cloud LSU
    6.  
      Backup data to cloud by using cloud LSU
    7.  
      Duplicate data cloud by using cloud LSU
    8.  
      Configuring AIR to use cloud LSU
    9.  
      About backward compatibility support
    10.  
      About the configuration items in cloud.json, contentrouter.cfg and spa.cfg
    11.  
      About the tool updates for cloud support
    12.  
      About the disaster recovery for cloud LSU
    13.  
      About Image Sharing using MSDP cloud
  8. Monitoring deduplication activity
    1.  
      Monitoring the MSDP deduplication and compression rates
    2. Viewing MSDP job details
      1.  
        MSDP job details
    3.  
      About MSDP storage capacity and usage reporting
    4.  
      About MSDP container files
    5.  
      Viewing storage usage within MSDP container files
    6.  
      Viewing MSDP disk reports
    7.  
      About monitoring MSDP processes
    8.  
      Reporting on Auto Image Replication jobs
  9. Managing deduplication
    1. Managing MSDP servers
      1.  
        Viewing MSDP storage servers
      2.  
        Determining the MSDP storage server state
      3.  
        Viewing MSDP storage server attributes
      4.  
        Setting MSDP storage server attributes
      5.  
        Changing MSDP storage server properties
      6.  
        Clearing MSDP storage server attributes
      7.  
        About changing the MSDP storage server name or storage path
      8.  
        Changing the MSDP storage server name or storage path
      9.  
        Removing an MSDP load balancing server
      10.  
        Deleting an MSDP storage server
      11.  
        Deleting the MSDP storage server configuration
    2. Managing NetBackup Deduplication Engine credentials
      1.  
        Determining which media servers have deduplication credentials
      2.  
        Adding NetBackup Deduplication Engine credentials
      3.  
        Changing NetBackup Deduplication Engine credentials
      4.  
        Deleting credentials from a load balancing server
    3. Managing Media Server Deduplication Pools
      1.  
        Viewing Media Server Deduplication Pools
      2.  
        Determining the Media Server Deduplication Pool state
      3.  
        Changing Media Server Deduplication Pool state
      4.  
        Viewing Media Server Deduplication Pool attributes
      5.  
        Setting a Media Server Deduplication Pool attribute
      6. Changing a Media Server Deduplication Pool properties
        1.  
          How to resolve volume changes for Auto Image Replication
      7.  
        Clearing a Media Server Deduplication Pool attribute
      8.  
        Determining the MSDP disk volume state
      9.  
        Changing the MSDP disk volume state
      10.  
        Inventorying a NetBackup disk pool
      11.  
        Deleting a Media Server Deduplication Pool
    4.  
      Deleting backup images
    5.  
      About MSDP queue processing
    6.  
      Processing the MSDP transaction queue manually
    7.  
      About MSDP data integrity checking
    8. Configuring MSDP data integrity checking behavior
      1.  
        MSDP data integrity checking configuration parameters
    9.  
      About managing MSDP storage read performance
    10. About MSDP storage rebasing
      1.  
        MSDP server-side rebasing parameters
    11.  
      About the MSDP data removal process
    12.  
      Resizing the MSDP storage partition
    13.  
      How MSDP restores work
    14.  
      Configuring MSDP restores directly to a client
    15.  
      About restoring files at a remote site
    16.  
      About restoring from a backup at a target master domain
    17.  
      Specifying the restore server
  10. Recovering MSDP
    1.  
      About recovering the MSDP catalog
    2.  
      Restoring the MSDP catalog from a shadow copy
    3.  
      Recovering from an MSDP storage server disk failure
    4.  
      Recovering from an MSDP storage server failure
    5.  
      Recovering the MSDP storage server after NetBackup catalog recovery
  11. Replacing MSDP hosts
    1.  
      Replacing the MSDP storage server host computer
  12. Uninstalling MSDP
    1.  
      About uninstalling MSDP
    2.  
      Deactivating MSDP
  13. Deduplication architecture
    1.  
      MSDP server components
    2.  
      Media server deduplication backup process
    3.  
      MSDP client components
    4.  
      MSDP client - side deduplication backup process
  14. Troubleshooting
    1. About unified logging
      1.  
        About using the vxlogview command to view unified logs
      2.  
        Examples of using vxlogview to view unified logs
    2. About legacy logging
      1.  
        Creating NetBackup log file directories for MSDP
    3.  
      NetBackup MSDP log files
    4. Troubleshooting MSDP installation issues
      1.  
        MSDP installation on SUSE Linux fails
    5. Troubleshooting MSDP configuration issues
      1.  
        MSDP storage server configuration fails
      2.  
        MSDP database system error (220)
      3.  
        MSDP server not found error
      4.  
        License information failure during MSDP configuration
      5.  
        The disk pool wizard does not display an MSDP volume
    6. Troubleshooting MSDP operational issues
      1.  
        Verify that the MSDP server has sufficient memory
      2.  
        MSDP backup or duplication job fails
      3.  
        MSDP client deduplication fails
      4.  
        MSDP volume state changes to DOWN when volume is unmounted
      5.  
        MSDP errors, delayed response, hangs
      6.  
        Cannot delete an MSDP disk pool
      7.  
        MSDP media open error (83)
      8.  
        MSDP media write error (84)
      9.  
        MSDP no images successfully processed (191)
      10.  
        MSDP storage full conditions
      11.  
        Troubleshooting MSDP catalog backup
      12.  
        Storage Platform Web Service (spws) does not start
      13.  
        Disk volume API or command line option does not work
    7.  
      Viewing MSDP disk errors and events
    8.  
      MSDP event codes and messages
    9. Troubleshooting Cloud Catalyst issues
      1. Cloud Catalyst logs
        1.  
          Error messages in esfs_filesystem
      2. Problems encountered while using the Cloud Storage Server Configuration Wizard
        1.  
          Unable to select the desired media server
        2.  
          Unable to select the Deduplication option
        3. Storage Server Creation Status errors
          1.  
            Login credentials or certificate failed message
          2.  
            Failure to add credentials
      3. Disk pool problems
        1.  
          Disk pool creation problem due to timeout issue
        2.  
          One disk pool for each Cloud Catalyst storage server
      4. Problems during cloud storage server configuration
        1.  
          Media server not available in Media Servers tab to add credentials
        2.  
          Add credentials failed message for media server
      5.  
        Status 191: No images were successfully processed
      6.  
        Media write error (84) if due to a full local cache directory
      7.  
        Troubleshooting restarting ESFS after the Cloud Catalyst storage server is down
      8.  
        Restarting the vxesfsd process
      9.  
        Problems restarting vxesfsd
      10.  
        Unable to create CloudCatalyst with a media server that has version earlier to 8.2
      11. Cloud Catalyst troubleshooting tools
        1.  
          esfs_cleanup.sh script
        2.  
          esfs_check consistency checking tool
        3.  
          setlsu_ioctl tool
        4.  
          cred_ioctl tool
    10.  
      Unable to obtain the administrator password to use an AWS EC2 instance that has a Windows OS
    11. Trouble shooting multi-domain issues
      1.  
        Unable to configure OpenStorage server from another domain
      2.  
        MSDP storage server is down when you configure an OpenStorage server
      3.  
        MSDP server is overloaded when it is used by multiple NetBackup domains
  15. Appendix A. Migrating to MSDP storage
    1.  
      Migrating from PureDisk to the NetBackup MSDP
    2.  
      Migrating from another storage type to MSDP
  16.  
    Index

Configuring source control or target control optimized duplication for Cloud Catalyst

Optimized duplication requires the source storage server and the destination storage server to have at least one media server in common. For example, in a NetBackup Cloud Catalyst environment that includes an MSDP media server (the source storage server) and one Cloud Catalyst storage server (destination/target), either of these hosts could be the shared media server to perform optimized duplication.

The shared media server requires credentials for both the source storage server and the target storage server. (Credentials are granted in the Media Servers tab of the storage server properties for each storage server.) This point is important in determining whether your environment can support a source control or a target control operation.

The media server which manages the duplication operation determines whether the operation is a source controlled or a target controlled operation, as follows:

  • If the MSDP media server manages the duplication operation, it is source controlled duplication. The Cloud Catalyst storage server must allow access from the MSDP media server. (See Example source controlled configuration: Source media server must be RHEL and NetBackup 8.1 or later.)

    • The Cloud Catalyst can allow access only if the MSDP media server is RHEL (any version) and NetBackup 8.1 or later.

      • If the MSDP media server is non-RHEL, it appears as a selection, but upon applying the credential, it fails with an Add credentials failed message.

      • If the MSDP media server is non-8.1, it does not appear in the Media Servers tab.

    • If the MSDP media server is not RHEL or is not at NetBackup 8.1 or later, a target control operation must be used instead.

  • If the Cloud Catalyst media server manages the duplication operation, it is target controlled duplication. The MSDP media server must allow access from the Cloud Catalyst media server. (See Example target controlled configuration: Source media storage server is not RHEL or is pre-8.1.)

    The MSDP media server can be of any supported platform or NetBackup version.

See the considerations that are listed in Table: Considerations for using source controlled or target controlled optimized duplication for Cloud Catalyst.

Table: Considerations for using source controlled or target controlled optimized duplication for Cloud Catalyst

Control of optimized duplication

Advantages and disadvantages

Source controlled

Advantage: The NetBackup Disk Manager (bpdm) runs on the source media server, which prevents overloading the Cloud Catalyst storage server during duplication jobs.

Disadvantage: Requires that the MSDP storage server be of a specific platform and NetBackup version.

Target controlled

Advantage: The MSDP media server can be of any supported platform or NetBackup version.

Disadvantage: The NetBackup tape manager (bptm) may run on the Cloud Catalyst media server during backups. NetBackup may inadvertently use the Cloud Catalyst storage server for load balancing during backups.

Note:

In MSDP optimized duplication, the spad process on the source pool reads the source side data and sends the data to the target pool.

Note about credentials on media servers

There must be at least one media server which has credentials to both the MSDP storage server and the Cloud Catalyst storage server for jobs to be successful.

Example source controlled configuration: Source media server must be RHEL and NetBackup 8.1 or later

In Figure: Source controlled configuration, the source media server (the MSDP storage server) is configured for a source control duplication to the target. Note that the source is Red Hat Enterprise Linux and has NetBackup 8.1 installed.

Two configuration items allow for source controlled duplication:

  • The target (the Cloud Catalyst storage server) allows access from the source media server. The credential is granted in the storage server properties of each.

  • The storage unit settings on the source and the target specifically point to the source media server. (Enable Only use the following media servers and select the source media server.)

Figure: Source controlled configuration