Veritas NetBackup™ Security and Encryption Guide
- Increasing NetBackup security
- Security deployment models
- Port security
- About NetBackup daemons, ports, and communication
- Additional port information for products that interoperate with NetBackup
- About configuring ports
- Auditing NetBackup operations
- Configuring Enhanced Auditing
- Access control security
- NetBackup Access Control Security (NBAC)
- Configuring NetBackup Access Control (NBAC)
- Configuring Access Control host properties for the master and media server
- Access Control host properties dialog for the client
- Troubleshooting Access Management
- Windows verification points
- UNIX verification points
- Verification points in a mixed environment with a UNIX master server
- Verification points in a mixed environment with a Windows master server
- About determining who can access NetBackup
- Configuring user groups
- About defining a user group and users
- Viewing specific user permissions for NetBackup user groups
- Security management in NetBackup
- About the Security Management utilities
- About audit events
- About host management
- Adding shared or cluster mappings
- Allowing or disallowing automatic certificate reissue
- About global security settings
- About host name-based certificates
- About host ID-based certificates
- Using the Certificate Management utility to issue and deploy host ID-based certificates
- About certificate deployment security levels
- Setting up trust with the master server (Certificate Authority)
- About reissuing host ID-based certificates
- About Token Management for host ID-based certificates
- About the host ID-based certificate revocation list
- About revoking host ID-based certificates
- Security certificate deployment in a clustered NetBackup setup
- About deployment of a host ID-based certificate on a clustered NetBackup host
- Data at rest encryption security
- About NetBackup client encryption
- Configuring standard encryption on clients
- About configuring standard encryption from the server
- Configuring legacy encryption on clients
- About configuring legacy encryption from the client
- About configuring legacy encryption from the server
- Additional legacy key file security for UNIX clients
- Data at rest key management
- About the Key Management Service (KMS)
- Installing KMS
- Configuring KMS
- About key groups and key records
- Overview of key record states
- Configuring NetBackup to work with KMS
- About using KMS for encryption
- KMS database constituents
- Command line interface (CLI) commands
- About exporting and importing keys from the KMS database
- Troubleshooting KMS
- Regenerating keys and certificates
- NetBackup web services account
Single datacenter with all security implemented
The example of a single datacenter with all security implemented combines all of the previous examples. It represents a very sophisticated environment in which there exists differing requirements for a variety of clients. Client requirements can necessitate using encryption off host (such as an underpowered host, or a database backup). Client requirements can also necessitate using encryption on host due to the sensitive nature of the data on the host. Adding NBAC to the security mix allows segregation of administrators, operators, and users within NetBackup.
The single datacenter with all security implemented includes the following highlights:
See the previous single datacenter sections for individual option highlights
Provides the most flexible and complex environment
Careful design following a similar model can let you use the strengths of each option
Figure: Single datacenter with all security implemented shows an example single datacenter with all security implemented.
The following table describes the NetBackup parts that are used with a single datacenter with all of security implemented.
Table: NetBackup parts for a single datacenter with all security implemented
Communicates with the media server, root broker, authentication broker, authorization engine, clients 1, 2, 3, and client 5, Web server, in the DMZ. The master server also communicates with and receives a credential from the authentication broker.
When a CLI or GUI accesses a daemon on a master server, a credential is exchanged to identify the user. The authorization engine is contacted to determine accessibility to the daemons functions.
Communicates with the master server, clients 1, 2, 3 and client 5, Web server, in the DMZ. The media server also communicates with the authorization engine and receives a credential from the authentication broker. The media server enables the writing of unencrypted data to tape for clients 1, 2, 3, and 5.
When a CLI or GUI accesses a daemon on a media server, a credential is exchanged to identify the user. The authorization engine is contacted to determine accessibility to the daemons functions.
Specifies that this remote administration console, GUI, receives a credential from the authentication broker. The GUI then uses this credential to gain access to functionality on the media servers and master servers.
Authenticates the authentication broker but not clients. In the figure, the root broker and authentication broker are shown as the same component.
Authenticates the master server, media server, GUI, clients, and users by establishing credentials with each.
Communicates with the master server and media server to determine permissions of an authenticated user. It also stores user groups and permissions. Only one authorization engine is needed.
The authorization engine resides on the master server as a daemon process. It is shown in the figure as a separate image for example only.
Specifies that the first tape contains encrypted MSEO backup data written for clients 1, 2, 3, and client encrypted data for client 6. The second tape contains unencrypted backup data that is written for clients 4 and 5.
Specifies that the transport truck moves encrypted tapes off-site to a secure vault facility. If a tape is lost during transport, the datacenter manager has mitigated the risk. The risk of data exposure has been mitigated through the use of encryption.
Specifies that the vault off-site is a safe storage facility at a different location than the datacenter that promotes disaster recovery protection.
Specifies that clients 1, 2, 3, and 4 are standard NetBackup types. Client 5 is a Web server type. Client 6 uses client side encryption. Upon receiving credentials form the authentication broker, clients 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6 are authenticated to the NetBackup Product Authentication Service domain. Both standard server and Web server types can be managed by the master server and have their unencrypted data backed up to tape through the media server. Client 6 has its encrypted data that is backed up to tape through the media server. Clients 1, 2, and 3 exist in the datacenter. Clients 5 and 6 exists in the DMZ. They communicate to NetBackup using NetBackup only ports through the internal firewall. Client 5 and 6 communicate to the Internet using HTTP only ports through the external firewall.
Specifies that the internal firewall lets NetBackup access Web server client 5 in the DMZ. Only selected NetBackup ports and possibly other application ports are enabled for data communication into and out of the DMZ. HTTP ports that are open in the external firewall are not allowed to pass through the internal firewall.
Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)
Provides a "safe" area of operation for Web server client 5 and encrypted client 6. These clients exist between the internal firewall and external firewall. The Web server client 5 and encrypted client 6 in the DMZ can communicate to NetBackup through the internal firewall using designated NetBackup ports. The Web server client 5 and encrypted client 6 can communicate through the external firewall to the Internet using HTTP ports. The encrypted client 6 in the DMZ can communicate to NetBackup through the internal firewall using designated NetBackup ports.
Specifies that the external firewall lets external users access the Web server client 5 located in the DMZ from the Internet over HTTP ports. NetBackup ports are open for client 5 to communicate through the internal firewall. NetBackup ports are not allowed to pass through the external firewall to the Internet. Only the HTTP ports of client 5 can pass through the external firewall to the Internet.
Specifies a collection of interconnected computer networks that are linked by copper wires, fiber-optic cables, and wireless connections. Client 5 can communicate over the Internet using HTTP ports through the external firewall.