Veritas NetBackup™ Commands Reference Guide
- Appendix A. NetBackup Commands
bpbackup — back up files to the NetBackup server
-f listfile | filenames [-p policy] [-s schedule] [-S master_server...] [-t policy_type] [-L progress_log [-en]] [-w [hh:mm:ss]] [-k "keyword_phrase"]
-i [-p policy] [-h hostname [-instance instance_name [-database database_name]]] [-s schedule] [-S master_server...] [-t policy_type] [-L progress_log [-en]] [-w [hh:mm:ss]] [-k "keyword_phrase"]
-dssu DSSUname [-S master_server]
On UNIX systems, the directory path to this command is /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/
On Windows systems, the directory path to this command is <install_path>\NetBackup\bin\
The bpbackup command can start a backup process on clients and master servers. When you use an Oracle policy, bpbackup lets you back up an instance. When you use a SQL Server policy, bpbackup lets you back up an instance or a database in an instance.
The -f option of bpbackup starts a user backup equivalent to what is performed by using the interface on the client. This type of backup can be started from any NetBackup client to back up files from that client.
bpbackup processes the files that you list on the command line or in the file that you specify with the -f listfile option. A file path can be a file name or a directory name. If the named files include a directory, bpbackup backs up all files and subdirectories of that directory; it starts at the directory itself.
In addition to listing individual files or directories, bpbackup can also use directives to indicate the files to be backed up. For example: bpbackup "/Shadow Copy Components/" or bpbackup "/System State/". Clients can enter the directive in the listfile using the bpbackup -f <listfile> option.
On master servers:
The -i option of bpbackup starts an immediate manual backup of a client. The bpbackup option is available only to the administrator on the master server. It is equivalent to when you start a manual backup from the NetBackup Administration Console. Use the -h option to specify the host.
Because progress logs are written only on clients and this form of bpbackup is run from the master server only, the -L option is undefined.
The following restrictions apply to this command:
You must be the owner of the file or an administrator to back up a file with bpbackup.
You can back up files and the directories that other users own if you have the necessary permissions.
On UNIX systems: If you specify a file that is a link, bpbackup backs up only the link itself, not the file to which it links.
bpbackup does not back up the "." or ".." directory entries.
By default, you return to the system prompt after bpbackup is successfully submitted. The command works in the background and does not return completion status directly to you. The -w option lets you change this behavior so the command works in the foreground. It returns completion status after a specified time period.
If you create the file before you run the bpbackup command and then specify the file with the -L progress_log option, the following occurs: bpbackup writes informative and error messages to a progress-log file. If bpbackup cannot back up the requested files or directories, use the progress log to determine the reason for the failure.
The - L option is not supported for NDMP clients.
If you create the following directory with public-write access, bpbackup creates a debug log file in the directory that you can use for troubleshooting:
On Windows systems: install_path\NetBackup\logs\bpbackup\
On UNIX systems: usr/openv/netbackup/logs/bpbackup/
NetBackup sends mail on the backup completion status when the backup process is complete to mail_address when users specify the following:
A nonroot user specifies USEMAIL = mail_address in the
A root user specifies USEMAIL = mail_address in the
- -dssu DSSUname
NetBackup immediately runs the schedule that is associated with the disk staging storage unit. The -i option is the implied behavior and is not necessary.
- -f listfile
Specifies a file (listfile) that contains a list of files to back up. You can use this option instead of the filenames option, but you cannot use it with the -i option. List each file on a separate line.
The format that is required for the file list depends on whether the files have spaces, newlines, or returns in the names.
To back up the files that do not have spaces, newlines, or returns in the names, use the following format:
Where filepath is the path to the file you want to back up.
On UNIX systems, examples are
On Windows systems, examples are
To back up the files that have spaces, newlines, or returns in the names, use the following format:
Where filepath is the path to the file you want to back up and filepathlen is the number of characters in the file path.
Examples on UNIX systems are the following:
5 /home 4 /etc 4 /var 19 /home/abc/test file
Examples on Windows systems are the following:
11 c:\Programs 8 c:\winnt 22 c:\documents\old memos
Names one or more files to back up. You can use this option instead of the -f option, but you cannot use it with the -i option. You must list any files that you specify at the end, following all other options.
- -h hostname
Names the client host on which to run the backup. If it is not specified, NetBackup runs the backup on all clients in the policy.
Starts an immediate manual backup. This operation is equivalent to starting a manual backup from the NetBackup administrator interface. You must be the administrator on the master server to use the -i option.
- -instance instance_name [-database database_name]
Specifies the name of an Oracle or SQL Server instance that you want to back up. The policy type (-t) must be set to 4 (Oracle) or 15 (SQL Server). You must use this option with the -h option, and you must be the administrator on the master server.
[-database database_name] specifies the name of a SQL Server database in an instance that you want to back up.
- -k keyword_phrase
Specifies a keyword phrase that NetBackup associates with the image that this backup operation creates. You then can restore the image by specifying the keyword phrase with the -k option on the bprestore command.
If you use the -i option with -k, NetBackup establishes an association between the keyword phrase and the backup policy and image.
The keyword phrase is a textual description of the backup that is a maximum of 128 characters in length.
On UNIX systems, all printable characters are permitted including space (" ") and period ("."). Enclose the phrase in double quotes ("...") or single quotes ( '...') to avoid conflict with the UNIX shell.
On Windows systems, all printable characters are permitted including space (" ") and period ("."). Enclose the phrase in double quotes ("...") or single quotes ( '...').
The default keyword phrase is the null (empty) string.
- -L progress_log [-en]
Specifies the name of a file in which to write progress information. NetBackup creates the file if it does not exist.
On Windows systems, for example:
On UNIX systems, for example:
The default is not to use a progress log.
The - L option is not supported for NDMP clients.
Include the -en option to generate a progress log that is in English. The name of the log contains the string _en. This option is useful to support personnel in a distributed environment where different locales may create logs of various languages.
Only default paths are allowed for this option and Veritas recommends to use the default paths. If you cannot use the NetBackup default path in your setup, you should add custom paths to the NetBackup configuration.
For more information on how to add a custom path, see the "BPCD_WHITELIST_PATH option for NetBackup servers and clients" topic in the NetBackup Administrator's Guide, Volume I.
- -p policy
Names the policy to use for the backup.
If this option is not specified, NetBackup uses the first policy it finds that includes the client and a user backup schedule.
This option is required for an immediate-manual backup (-i option).
- -s schedule
Names the schedule to use for the backup. If it is not specified, the NetBackup server uses the first user backup schedule it finds for the client in the policy currently in use.
See the -p option.
- -S master_server [,master_server,...]
On UNIX systems, -S specifies the name(s) of the NetBackup master server(s). The default is the first SERVER entry that is found in the
On Windows systems, -S specifies the name(s) of the NetBackup master server(s). The default is the server designated as current on the Servers tab of the Specify NetBackup Machines dialog box. To display this dialog box, start the Backup, Archive, and Restore user interface on the client. Then click Specify NetBackup Machines on the File menu.
- -t policy_type
Specifies one of the following numbers that correspond to the policy type. The default for Windows clients is 13, and the default for all others is 0:
0 = Standard
4 = Oracle
6 = Informix-On-BAR
7 = Sybase
8 = MS-SharePoint
13 = MS-Windows
15 = MS-SQL-Server
16 = MS-Exchange-Server
19 = NDMP
Note that the following policy types apply only to the NetBackup Enterprise Server.
11 = DataTools-SQL-BackTrack
17 = SAP
18 = DB2
20 = FlashBackup
21 = Split-Mirror
39 = Enterprise-Vault
- -w [hh:mm:ss]
Causes NetBackup to wait for a completion status from the server before it returns you to the system prompt.
You can optionally specify a wait time in hours, minutes, and seconds. The maximum wait time you can specify is 23:59:59. If the wait time expires before the backup is complete, the command exits with a timeout status. The backup, however, still completes on the server.
The bpbackup -w option causes the shell to wait for a return code. The operating system shell can only return one return code. Therefore, if you use -w without specifying a wait time or you specify a value of 0, NetBackup waits indefinitely for the completion status.
You can start a manual or an administrative backup using bpbackup -i along with the -w function. This type of backup has the potential to start multiple jobs because it is based on policy attributes. If the manual backup starts multiple jobs, the -w function still only returns one return code to the shell.
If you use -i with -w and more than one job begins, NetBackup waits until all jobs complete before it returns a completion status. However, because NetBackup only returns one status code to the shell, the job ID that the status code belongs to is unknown.
If multiple jobs are due to multiple clients and Allow Multiple Data Streams is not selected, use -h to restrict the operation to one client. However, if is selected in the policy and the selected client has multiple jobs, the returned status code is again unknown.
Example 1 - Perform a user backup of a single file.
On UNIX systems:
# bpbackup /usr/user1/file1
On Windows systems:
# bpbackup c:\users\user1\file1
Example 2 - Start a user backup of the files that are listed in a file that is named backup_list.
# bpbackup -f backup_list
Example 3 - Start an immediate-manual backup (all on one line) of the client host named
diablo in the policy named cis_co. The policy type is Standard policy and is in the configuration on the master server named
UNIX: # bpbackup -p cis_co -i -h diablo -S hoss -t 0
Windows: # bpbackup -p cis_co -i -h diablo -S hoss -t 0
Example 4 - On Windows systems: Associate the keyword phrase "Backup My Home Directory 01/01/01" to the user backup of the directory
C:\home\kwc. (Enter the command on one line.)
# bpbackup -k "Backup My Home Directory 01/01/01" -L c:\Program Files\Veritas\NetBackup\logs\user_ops\bkup.log \ C:\home\kwc
On UNIX systems: The following command associates the keyword phrase "Backup Home Dir 01/01/01" to the user backup of the directory
/home/kwc. (Enter the command on one line or use the backslash continuation character.)
# bpbackup -k "Backup Home Dir 01/01/01" -L /usr/openv/netbackup/logs/user_ops/bkup.log \ /home/kwc
Example 5 - Associate the keyword phrase "Policy Win 01/01/01" to the immediate-manual backup of the client host named
slater in the policy named win_nt_policy. (Enter the command all on one line.)
# bpbackup -k "Policy Win 01/01/01" -i -h slater \ -p win_nt_policy -t 13
# bpbackup -k "Policy Win 01/01/01" -i -h slater -p win_nt_policy -t 13
Example 6 - Perform a manual backup of the Oracle instance
orac11g on client host
hookvm2 by using the
# bpbackup -i -p ora -h hookvm2 -t 4 -instance orac11g
Example 7 - Perform a manual backup of the SQL Server database
HRDB1 in instance
HRon client host
winvm2 by using the
# bpbackup -i -p sql -h winvm2 -t 15 -instance HR -database HRDB1