Veritas Storage Foundation for Oracle RAC Installation and Configuration Guide 5.0.1 - HP-UX

Description

Table of Contents:
1. Introducing Veritas Storage Foundation for Oracle RAC
About Veritas Storage Foundation for Oracle RAC
Benefits of SF Oracle RAC
About basic SF Oracle RAC components
About SF Oracle RAC optional components
About Veritas Cluster Server Management Console
About Symantec Product Authentication Service (AT)
About SF Oracle RAC features
About I/O fencing
About VCS notifications
About campus clusters
About global clusters
About Veritas Volume Replicator
About Veritas Storage Checkpoint and Storage Rollback
About Veritas Database FlashSnap
About Veritas Dynamic Storage Tiering
About SF Oracle RAC licensing
2. Installation planning and requirements
Important preinstallation information
Installation requirements
Hardware requirements
Supported software
Supported HP-UX operating systems
Other required HP-UX software
Supported replication technologies for global clusters
License requirements
Planning your installation setup
Planning your network configuration
Planning the storage
Planning volume layout
Planning file system design
Planning for I/O fencing
Planning for cluster management
Planning for disaster recovery
SF Oracle RAC cluster setup models
About basic SF Oracle RAC cluster setup
About SF Oracle RAC setup for clusters in secure mode
About SF Oracle RAC setup for cluster management
About SF Oracle RAC campus cluster setup for disaster recovery
About SF Oracle RAC global cluster setup for disaster recovery
3. Preparing to install and configure SF Oracle RAC
About preparing to install and configure SF Oracle RAC
Preparing to configure the clusters in secure mode
Installing the root broker for the security infrastructure
Creating authentication broker accounts on root broker system
Creating encrypted files for the security infrastructure
Preparing the installation system for the security infrastructure
Preparing to install SF Oracle RAC
Setting the umask before installation
Synchronizing time settings on cluster nodes
Setting up inter-system communication
Mounting the product disc
Setting up shared storage
Setting the environment variables
Creating the Oracle user and groups manually
Obtaining SF Oracle RAC license keys
Removing pre-existing license keys
Obtaining and installing license keys for a global cluster
Verifying the systems before installation
4. Installing SF Oracle RAC
Installing SF Oracle RAC
Installing licenses manually
5. Configuring SF Oracle RAC
About configuring SF Oracle RAC
Invoking SF Oracle RAC configuration program
Starting the software configuration
Specifying systems for configuration
Choosing the configuration task
Performing basic system checks
Preparing the private interconnects for LLT
Configuring the SF Oracle RAC components
Configuring the SF Oracle RAC cluster
Setting permissions for database storage management features
Configuring the Cluster Volume Manager
Configuring VVR on each node
Creation of SF Oracle RAC configuration files
Starting SF Oracle RAC processes
About enabling LDAP authentication for clusters that run in secure mode
6. Configuring I/O fencing for SF Oracle RAC
About configuring SF Oracle RAC clusters for data integrity
About setting up I/O fencing
About setting up shared storage for I/O fencing
Preparing to configure I/O fencing
Initializing disks as VxVM disks
Identifying disks to use as coordinator disks
Checking shared disks for I/O fencing
Setting up I/O fencing
Setting up coordinator disk groups
Creating I/O fencing configuration files
Modifying VCS configuration to use I/O fencing
Starting SF Oracle RAC on all nodes
Verifying I/O fencing configuration
Removing permissions for communication
7. Verifying cluster installation and configuration
Verifying SF Oracle RAC installation using VCS configuration file
About the LLT and GAB configuration files
Verifying LLT, GAB, and cluster operation
Verifying LLT
Verifying GAB
Verifying the cluster
Verifying the cluster nodes
8. Upgrading to SF Oracle RAC 5.0.1
Supported upgrade paths and task overview
Task summary for upgrading from SF Oracle RAC versions on HP-UX 11i v2
Task summary for upgrading from SF Oracle RAC versions on HP-UX 11i v3
Preparing to upgrade to SF Oracle RAC 5.0.1
Upgrading the operating system
Upgrading SF Oracle RAC using the installsfrac installer
Configuring SF Oracle RAC after upgrading to version 5.0.1
Performing post-upgrade tasks
Relinking Oracle RAC libraries with the SF Oracle RAC libraries
Modifying the CVMVolDg resource type
Upgrading the CVM configuration
Upgrading the disk layout versions
Upgrading the repository database
Performing phased upgrade of SF Oracle RAC clusters
Performing phased upgrade of SF Oracle RAC from version 5.0 on HP-UX 11i v3
Performing phased upgrade of SF Oracle RAC from versions 4.1x or 5.0x on HP-UX 11i v2
9. Preparing to install Oracle RAC
About preparing to install Oracle RAC
Preparing to install Oracle RAC using the SF Oracle RAC installer or manually
Identifying the public virtual IP addresses for use by Oracle
Setting the kernel parameters
Launching the SF Oracle RAC installer
Creating Oracle user and groups
Setting privileges for the DBA user
Configuring private IP addresses for Oracle RAC
Creating disk groups, volumes, and mount points for Oracle RAC
Editing the VCS configuration file for additional Oracle Clusterware resources
Starting VCS, CVM, and CFS on all nodes
Verifying GAB port membership
Setting up Oracle user equivalence
Editing the Oracle user profile
10. Installing Oracle RAC
About installing Oracle RAC
Installing Oracle Clusterware using the installsfrac program
Installing Oracle Clusterware
Installing Oracle RAC database binaries
Installing Oracle Clusterware manually
Installing Oracle RAC binaries manually
Verifying the Oracle Clusterware and database installation
Completing Oracle RAC post-installation tasks
Adding Oracle RAC patches or patchsets
Configuring the CSSD resource
Relinking the SF Oracle RAC libraries with Oracle RAC using the installer
Relinking the SF Oracle RAC libraries with Oracle RAC manually
Creating the Oracle RAC database
Adding Oracle UDP IPC private IP addresses to the init.ora file
Preventing automatic database startup
Configuring VCS service groups for Oracle RAC
11. Upgrading Oracle RAC and migrating the database
Supported upgrade paths
Upgrading Oracle RAC
Preparing to upgrade from Oracle RAC 10g
Preparing to upgrade from Oracle RAC 9i
Upgrading Oracle RAC binaries
Migrating the Oracle RAC database
Performing post-upgrade tasks
12. Adding a node to SF Oracle RAC clusters
About adding a node to an SF Oracle RAC cluster
Adding a node to an existing SF Oracle RAC cluster
Mounting the software disc
Checking system requirements for new node
Physically adding a new system to the cluster
Installing Veritas Storage Foundation for Oracle RAC on the new system
Starting Volume Manager
Configuring LLT, GAB, VCSMM, and VXFEN drivers
Configuring CVM
Verifying the existing security setup on the node
Preparing the new node for installing Oracle
Configure the kernel parameters
Creating Oracle user and groups
Setting up Oracle user equivalence
Configuring private IP addresses for Oracle Clusterware
Starting VCS on the new node
Creating Oracle disk groups, volumes and mount points
Editing VCS configuration for additional Oracle Clusterware resources
Identifying the public virtual IP addresses for use by Oracle
Preparing $CRS_HOME and $ORACLE_HOME on the new node
Using the Oracle RAC add node procedures
Adding the new system to the Storage Foundation repository database
13. Removing a node from SF Oracle RAC clusters
About removing nodes from an SF Oracle RAC cluster
Removing nodes from an SF Oracle RAC cluster
Modifying the VCS configuration files on existing nodes
Editing the /etc/llthosts file
Editing the /etc/gabtab file
Modifying the VCS configuration to remove the node
14. Configuring a campus cluster for disaster recovery
About SF Oracle RAC campus cluster setup for disaster recovery
About I/O fencing for campus clusters
About membership arbitration
About data protection
Requirements for an SF Oracle RAC campus cluster
Setting up an SF Oracle RAC campus cluster for disaster recovery
Preparing to set up a campus cluster
Configuring I/O fencing to prevent data corruption
Configuring VxVM disk groups for Oracle RAC on a campus cluster
Installing Oracle RAC Clusterware and database binaries
Configuring VCS service groups for a campus cluster
Verification of failure scenarios and recovery
About failure and recovery in an SF Oracle RAC campus cluster
Testing partial storage failure and recovery
Testing complete storage failure and recovery
Testing private interconnects failure and recovery
Testing the failure of a single node in a site
Failure of all nodes at a site
Testing site failure and recovery
Tuning guidelines for campus clusters
15. Setting up a replicated SF Oracle RAC global cluster
Replication in the SF Oracle RAC environment
Requirements for SF Oracle RAC global clusters
Supported software and hardware for SF Oracle RAC
Supported replication technologies for SF Oracle RAC
Configuring a global cluster in an SF Oracle RAC environment
Configuring an SF Oracle RAC cluster at the primary site
Configuring an SF Oracle RAC cluster at the secondary site
Configuring replication on clusters at both sites
Configuring VCS service groups for global clusters
Testing a global cluster configuration
16. Configuring a global cluster using VVR
About configuring global clustering using VVR
Preparing clusters for replication using VVR
Adding the VVR resource types to the VCS configuration
Configuring global clustering using VVR
Defining the remote cluster and heartbeat Cluster Objects
Setting up replication using VVR
Creating the SRL volume on the primary site
Setting up replication objects on the primary site
Configuring replication for the secondary site
Starting replication of Oracle RAC database volume
Configuring VCS to replicate the database volume using VVR
About modifying the VCS configuration for replication
Configuration examples before and after modification
Modifying the VCS Configuration on the Primary Site
Modifying the VCS Configuration on the Secondary Site
Starting VCS on all nodes in both clusters
Using VVR commands on SF Oracle RAC global clusters
About migration and takeover of the primary site role
Migrating the role of primary site to the remote site
Taking over the primary role by the remote cluster
VCS agents to manage wide-area failover
17. Uninstalling SF Oracle RAC from a cluster
About uninstalling SF Oracle RAC from a cluster
Preparing to uninstall SF Oracle RAC from a cluster
Stopping Oracle instances
Backing up the Oracle database
Uninstalling Oracle RAC (optional)
Removing the database storage management repository
Stopping the applications that use CFS (outside of VCS control)
Unmounting CFS file systems (outside of VCS control)
Stopping the applications that use VxFS (outside of VCS control)
Unmounting VxFS file systems (outside of VCS control)
Stopping VCS
Removing SF Oracle RAC from a cluster
Removing the SF Oracle RAC packages
Removing other configuration files (optional)
Rebooting the nodes
A. Sample configuration files
About VCS configuration file
Sample main.cf file after SF Oracle RAC installation
Sample main.cf files for Oracle configurations
Sample main.cf for Oracle RAC 10g without Oracle agent
Sample main.cf for Oracle RAC 10g with Oracle agent
Sample main.cf for Oracle RAC 10g without the Oracle agent and with VxSS
Sample main.cf for Oracle RAC 11g without Oracle agent
Sample main.cf for Oracle RAC 11g with Oracle agent
Sample main.cf files for Oracle replication configurations
Sample main.cf for Oracle RAC 10g and CVM/VVR (primary replication site)
Sample main.cf for Oracle RAC 10g and CVM/VVR (secondary replication site)
Sample main.cf for Oracle RAC 10g for hardware-based replication primary site
Sample main.cf for Oracle RAC 10g for hardware-based replication secondary site
Sample main.cf files for adding and removing nodes
Sample main.cf for adding an Oracle RAC 10g node
Sample main.cf for removing an Oracle RAC 10g node
Sample main.cf for adding an Oracle RAC 11g node
Sample main.cf for removing an Oracle RAC 11g node
Sample main.cf for a four-node SF Oracle RAC campus cluster
B. SF Oracle RAC installation and configuration sample values
Installation and configuration worksheets
SF Oracle RAC worksheet
Oracle RAC Worksheets
Replicated cluster using VVR worksheet
Replicated cluster using SRDF worksheet
C. Response Files
About response files
Response file installation procedures
Re-installation using the response files
Installation using the response file on other clusters
Response file syntax
Install-only response file example
Configuration response file example
Response file variable definitions
D. Automatic Storage Management
About ASM
Veritas CVM and ASM integration
Dynamic MultiPathing
ASM on CVM rules
Supported SF Oracle RAC and ASM configurations
Requirements for the supported SF Oracle RAC and ASM configurations
ASM monitoring utilities
CVM and ASM configuration procedure
Configure the CVM disk group and volume for the ASM disk group
Install Automatic Storage Management in an ASM home directory
Use the Oracle DBCA procedure to create ASM disk group and instances
Verify your ASM installation
Unlinking the SF Oracle RAC ODM library
ASM instance startup and shutdown commands
Adding additional storage to an ASM disk group with CVM
Veritas ASM agents
Veritas CVM and Oracle service group with ASM
Veritas CVM and an Oracle service group with ASM
Veritas CVM and ASM main.cf file
E. Creating a test database
About creating a test database
Creating a database for Oracle
Creating the database storage on raw volumes
Creating the database storage on CFS
F. High availability agent information
About agents
VCS agents included within SF Oracle RAC
Other agents included within SF Oracle RAC
CVMCluster agent
Entry points for CVMCluster agent
Attribute definition for CVMCluster agent
CVMCluster agent type definition
CVMCluster agent sample configuration
CVMVxconfigd agent
Entry points for CVMVxconfigd agent
Attribute definition for CVMVxconfigd agent
CVMVxconfigd agent type definition
CVMVxconfigd agent sample configuration
CVMVolDg agent
Entry points for CVMVolDg agent
Attribute definition for CVMVolDg agent
CVMVolDg agent type definition
CVMVolDg agent sample configuration
CFSMount agent
Entry points for CFSMount agent
Attribute definition for CFSMount agent
CFSMount agent type definition
CFSMount agent sample configuration
PrivNIC agent
Functions of the PrivNIC agent
Attributes of the PrivNIC agent
Type definition of the PrivNIC resource
Sample configuration of the PrivNIC resource
MultiPrivNIC agent
Functions of the MultiPrivNIC agent
Attributes of the MultiPrivNIC agent
Type definition of the MultiPrivNIC resource
Sample configuration of the MultiPrivNIC resource
CSSD agent
Functions of the CSSD agent
Attributes of the CSSD agent
Type definition of the CSSD resource
Sample configuration of the CSSD resource
VCS agents for Oracle
Oracle agent functions
Resource type definition for the Oracle agent
Netlsnr agent functions
Resource type definition for the Netlsnr agent
ASMInst agent functions
Resource type definition for the ASMInst agent
ASMDG agent functions
Resource type definition for the ASMDG agent
G. SF Oracle RAC deployment scenarios
SF Oracle RAC cluster with VCS IPC and PrivNIC agent
SF Oracle RAC cluster with UDP IPC and PrivNIC agent
SF Oracle RAC cluster for multiple databases with UDP IPC and MultiPrivNIC agent
SF Oracle RAC cluster with isolated Oracle traffic and MultiPrivNIC agent
SF Oracle RAC cluster with NIC bonding, VCS IPC and PrivNIC agent
SF Oracle RAC cluster with NIC bonding, UDP IPC, and PrivNIC agent

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